This is a proof of concept trial using ranolazine, a medication, in patients with known Coronary Artery Disease and reduced left ventricular function, EF < 40%. We propose that ranolazine therapy will result in demonstrative improvements in cardiac function that can be objectively assessed using the parameters measured with CPET. We propose that demonstrative improvement in CPET parameters on ranolazine will translate into improved patient outcomes for this patient population.
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: N/A
- Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
- Masking: None (Open Label)
- Study Primary Completion Date: March 31, 2017
Selected patients will undergo a CPET evaluation. The initial CPET will identify patients with underlying ischemia and serve as a baseline study. Ischemia will be assessed using: 1) peak VO2: measures the peak transport of O2 to the tissues when O2 extraction from the blood is maximal; 2) the anaerobic threshold (AT): measures the sustainable work capacity in units of VO2; 3) the O2-pulse measurements at the AT peak VO2: estimate stroke volume at those levels of exercise; and 4) the relationship of O2 uptake to work rate (ΔVO2/ΔWR): provides information on the ability of the cardiac output to increase. Patients whoseCPET results meet the criteria for ischemia will be started on Ranexa 500mg BID and advanced within one week +/-4 days to 1000mg BID. A second CPET will be performed after 4 weeks +/- 4 days of maximum therapy. CPET results before and after therapy will undergo a statistical comparison. The initial off treatment CPET measurement will serve as the control to assess changes found during therapy. No medication changes or revascularization procedures will occur during the study. If patients require and undergo a medication change or a revascularization procedure, they will be excluded from the study.
Patients will be contacted at the completion of week one prior to up titration, then at the end of week two to ensure tolerance and compliance with the 1000mg BID dose. Patients will perform the second CPET study at week four +/- 1 week. The trial medication will be assessed and counted to ensure that patients have taken there allotted pill count for the duration of the study. Patients who are found to be noncompliant of less than 80% will be excluded from the study.
- Drug: Ranolazine
- The intervention will be ranolazine therapy after the initial CPET. The initial CPET will identify patients with underlying ischemia and serve as a baseline study. Patients whose CPET results meet the criteria for ischemia will be started on Ranexa 500mg BID and advanced within one week +/-4 days to 1000mg BID. A second CPET will be performed after 4 weeks +/- 4 days of maximum therapy. CPET results before and after therapy will undergo a statistical comparison. The initial off treatment CPET measurement will serve as the control to assess changes found during therapy.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Other: Ranolazine Treatment Arm
- All patients who meet the criteria of ischemia will receive ranolazine after enrollment. The initial CPET will serve as the control. The second CPET after 30-days of therapy will serve as the therapy arm. CPET parameters will be assessed and compared both on and off therapy.
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test Parameters (CPET).
- Time Frame: 30 days
- CPET parameters assessed will include the peak VO2: measures the peak transport of O2 to the tissues when O2 extraction from the blood is maximal; 2) the anaerobic threshold (AT): measures the sustainable work capacity in units of VO2; 3) the O2-pulse measurements at the AT and peak VO2: estimate stroke volume at those levels of exercise; and 4) the relationship of O2 uptake to work rate (ΔVO2/ΔWR): provides information on the ability of the cardiac output to increase.
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- Patients > 18 years of age will be enrolled in the trial.
- Stable patients without hospitalizations, medication changes or cardiac intervention within one month of the study will be enrolled.
- Patients must be able to complete the CPET protocol and must have demonstrable ischemia on the initial CPET evaluation.
- Patients must have a documented ejection fraction < 40%
a. LV function can be assessed via: i. Echocardiogram ii. MUGA or Nuclear Perfusion Scan iii. Left ventriculogram
- Patients must be Ranexa naive and without contraindication for Ranexa therapy.
- QTc>500 msec on resting EKG
- Hepatic Impairment (Child-Pugh class A, B or C)
- Have received prior treatment with ranolazine
- Treatment with QT prolonging drugs as class 1A (e.g., quinidine), class III (e.g., sotalol, dofetilide) anti-arrhythmics, amiodarone and anti-psychotics (e.g., thioridazine, ziprasidone)
- Treatment with potent or moderately potent CYP3A inhibitors including ketoconazole and other azole antifungals, diltiazem, verapamil, macrolide antibiotics, HIV protease inhibitors or consumption of grapefruit juice or grapefruit juice containing products
- Have participated in another trial of an investigational device or drug within 30 days of screening
- Have end stage renal disease requiring dialysis
- Have any chronic illness likely to effect compliance with the protocol
- Have second or third degree atrioventricular block in the absence of a functioning ventricular pacemaker
- Have uncontrolled clinically significant cardiac arrhythmias, or a history of ventricular fibrillation, torsade de pointes, or other life-threatening ventricular arrhythmias
- Uncontrolled HTN defined as BP > /= 160/100 mm Hg
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 18 Years
Maximum Age: 80 Years
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No
- Lead Sponsor
- Cardiovascular Institute of the South Clinical Research Corporation
- Gilead Sciences
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Agostino G Ingraldi, M.D., Principal Investigator, Cardiovascular Institute of the South
Lloyd-Jones et al Executive summary: heart disease and stroke statistics– 2010 update: a report from the American Heart Association.
McMurray JJ, Petrie MC, Murdoch DR, Davie AP. Clinical epidemiology of heart failure: public and private health burden. Eur Heart J. 1998 Dec;19 Suppl P:P9-16. Review.
Wenger NK, Chaitman B, Vetrovec GW. Gender comparison of efficacy and safety of ranolazine for chronic angina pectoris in four randomized clinical trials. Am J Cardiol. 2007 Jan 1;99(1):11-8. Epub 2006 Nov 2.
Belardinelli L, Shryock JC, Fraser H. Inhibition of the late sodium current as a potential cardioprotective principle: effects of the late sodium current inhibitor ranolazine. Heart. 2006 Jul;92 Suppl 4:iv6-iv14.
Chaitman BR. Ranolazine for the treatment of chronic angina and potential use in other cardiovascular conditions. Circulation. 2006 May 23;113(20):2462-72. Review.
Belardinelli R, Lacalaprice F, Carle F, Minnucci A, Cianci G, Perna G, D'Eusanio G. Exercise-induced myocardial ischaemia detected by cardiopulmonary exercise testing. Eur Heart J. 2003 Jul;24(14):1304-13.
Contini M, Andreini D, Agostoni P. Cardiopulmonary exercise test evidence of isolated right coronary artery disease. Int J Cardiol. 2006 Nov 10;113(2):281-2. Epub 2005 Nov 28.
Klainman E, Fink G, Lebzelter J, Zafrir N. Assessment of functional results after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty by cardiopulmonary exercise test. Cardiology. 1998 May;89(4):257-62.
Itoh, H et al. Oxygen uptake abnormalities during exercise in coronary artery disease. In Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing and Cardiovascular Health. Edited by K. Wasserman, Published by Futura Publishing Company, Armonk NY, 2002.
Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.