Assessment of Platelet Rich Fibrin Efficiency on Healing Delay and on Jawbone Osteochemonecrosis Provoked by Bisphosphonates

Overview

The main objective of our study is to assess, after tooth extraction, the efficacity of PRF in the prevention of healing delay and of jawbone osteochemonecrosis induced by bisphosphonates

Full Title of Study: “Contribution of Platelet Rich Fibrin (PRF) After Tooth Avulsion in the Prevention of Healing Delay and of Jawbone Osteochemonecrosis Induced by Bisphosphonates”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: September 2016

Detailed Description

Scientific Context Bisphosphonates (BP) work by slowing down bone remodelling. They are used in the management of different types of cancers and for the treatment of osteoporosis. Recent studies warned that this drug could produce adverse effects on jawbones .In December 2007, the AFSSAPS (French agency for the Sanitary Security of Health Products) alerted the health professionals about the risks of spontaneous or induced osteonecrosis following invasive odontological procedures on patients receiving BP. Prevalence of these osteonecrosis varies from 6% to 10% after surgical intervention. A healing delay estimated between 20 to 25% of cases frequently precedes the occurrence of osteochemonecrosis. On the whole , the total rate of all complications amounts to 30%. We are extremely limited in terms of prevention or treatment of an OCN patient. We intend to study a biological autologous sediment obtained from a blood sample for its capacity to avoid these complications supervening. The collection of a coagulum called Platelet Rich Fibrin or PRF susceptible to provide the essential ingredients for the mucous membrane and the bone healing is obtained by centrifugation. This biomaterial rich in autologous fibrin is a concentrate of leukocytes, platelets and a number of factors favouring cicatrisation and immune response. Clinical applications are already well documented in orthopaedic, thoracic and cardiac surgeries and, also in dermatology. The use of PRF in dental surgery is more recent. Literature on this topic is very limited but these new techniques give rise to high hopes. Since February 2007,thanks to the classification as a medical treatment by the AFSSAPS, the PRF technique has been authorized. Objectives To appraise after dental avulsion the PRF efficiency in preventing delay of cicatrisation and jawbone osteochemonecrosis induced by BP. This efficiency will be assessed by a retroalveolar X-ray performed at each visit. The main criteria for evaluation is the discovery of cicatrisation delay at week 8 and/or osteochemonecrosis during the follow up. Material and methods Studied population: current or previous patients treated with BP and referred for a dental avulsion. General experimental procedure: A prospective, longitudinal, multicentric, randomized open study. Patients will be randomized into two groups: dental avulsion only or dental avulsion and PRF. For both groups the initial management is surgical (bone curettage + PRF for the PRF group).The follow up is spread over one year with 10 visits. Each patient will undergo a clinical and photographic examination with a complete radiological check up(OPT),a standard biological blood test (blood count with haemogram (NFS) and a thorough calculation of the quantity of BP administered. The appearance of OCN or of any delay in cicatrisation will be documented by a histological biopsy, a bacteriological swab test and X-ray. The requisite number of patients: 270 patients are required to validate the expected objectives in this study. Their recruitment will take place in 4 establishments: Metz-Thionville CHR (Regional Central Hospital) and three university teaching hospitals (CHU) Dijon, Nancy and Reims. Total Duration of the study : The estimated total duration will be 3 years: a 2 year recruitment with a 1 year follow-up. Expected results and prospects To prove the interest of using PRF as a therapy able to prevent a delay in cicatrization or an OCN induced by BP.

Interventions

  • Procedure: Bone curettage + PRF
    • Bone curettage and PRF insertion
  • Procedure: Bone curettage alone
    • Bone curettage without PRF insertion

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Bone curettage + PRF
    • Bone curettage and PRF insertion
  • Other: Bone curettage alone
    • Bone curettage without PRF insertion

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Delay in cicatrisation at week 8
    • Time Frame: 8 weeks
  • The appearance of osteochemonecrosis during the follow-up period
    • Time Frame: 1 year

Secondary Measures

  • The characteristics of the received BP treatment: starting date of ongoing treatment, accumulated dose, type of BP, administration route
    • Time Frame: 1 year
  • The precise location of the extraction site according to the tooth classification number
    • Time Frame: 1 year

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Patient major(male or female) – Documented indication at the initial visit at day 0 (JO) for a maximum extraction of 3 teeth. – Treatment with nitrogenous or non-nitrogenous BP by intravenous injection or oral administration whichever the reason for this drug prescription: – on going BP treatment – patient having received a previous treatment with bisphosphonates (irrespective of the duration and withdrawal date of this treatment) – Patient having received the specific information letter regarding the study and having signed the clarified consent form. Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient having a maxillary or mandibulary OCN at Day 0(JO) – Positive HIV serology at Day 0(for patients belonging to the PRF group) – Previous history of maxillo-cervico-facial radiotherapy – Patients with estimated survival expectancy shorter than one year – Lack of social security cover – Inability of the patient to respect the study follow-up – Patient having reached his/her majority and under tutelage,trusteeship or protection of the court – Patient whose diagnosis could not be revealed to him/her (especially when the patient or their family expressed this wish).

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Centre Hospitalier Régional Metz-Thionville
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Eric GERARD, Dr, Principal Investigator, CHR Metz Thionville

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