Risk of Acute Liver Injury in Users of Antimicrobials

Overview

Moxifloxacin is a broad-spectrum antibacterial agent used to treat common community-acquired respiratory tract infections, complicated intra-abdominal infections, and pelvic inflammatory disease. In the clinical development program, moxifloxacin was associated with some hepatic adverse drug reactions. To evaluate further the hepatic safety profile of moxifloxacin, a retrospective cohort study with nested case-control analysis will be conducted to assess the rate of noninfectious acute liver injury among new users of moxifloxacin and of other antimicrobials prescribed for similar indications, including amoxicillin, amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid, cefuroxime, clarithromycin, doxycycline, levofloxacin, and telithromycin.

The study will be implemented in the population included in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database (HIRD). Eligible patients are adults aged 18 years and older with continuous enrollment in the HIRD for at least 6 months before their first claim for a prescription for a study antimicrobial. Follow-up will start at the date of the first prescription until the date of the earliest of the following events: noninfectious acute liver injury, occurrence of an exclusion criterion, end of study period, disenrollment from database, or death. Patients with chronic alcoholism or cirrhosis, infectious hepatitis, HIV/AIDS, or pregnant women will not be included.

Full Title of Study: “Risk of Acute Liver Injury in Users of Antimicrobials in the HealthCore Integrated Research Database Population”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Retrospective
  • Study Primary Completion Date: March 2009

Detailed Description

Study design is called 'Cohort study with nested case-control analysis"

Interventions

  • Drug: Moxifloxacin (Avelox, BAY12-8039)
    • Eligible patients who are new users of moxifloxacin during the study period. A new user is defined as a person who has a first recorded dispensing of moxifloxacin during the study period and who has not had a previous recorded dispensing for any of the study antimicrobials during the previous 180 days
  • Drug: Amoxicillin, Amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid, Cefuroxime, Clarithromycin, Doxycycline, Levofloxacin, Telithromycin
    • Eligible patients who are new users of one of the other study antimicrobials (amoxicillin, amoxicillin plus clavulanic acid, cefuroxime, clarithromycin, doxycycline, levofloxacin, or telithromycin) during the study period. A new user is defined as a person who has a first recorded dispensing of a study a study antimicrobial during the study period and who has not had a previous recorded dispensing for any of the study antimicrobials during the previous 180 days.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Group 1
  • Group 2

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Incidence ratio of noninfectious acute liver injury fulfilling the International Consensus Meeting criteria for drug-induced liver disorders in the study population during periods of treatment with each of the study antimicrobials and nonuse
    • Time Frame: From the first day of full exposure of a study antimicrobial (day after the date of dispensing) to the end of follow-up (up to 8 years)
  • Incidence rate ratio of noninfectious acute liver injury fulfilling the International Consensus Meeting criteria for drug-induced liver disorders during treatment with each of the study antimicrobials compared to that during of nonuse
    • Time Frame: From the first day of full exposure of a study antimicrobial (day after the date of dispensing) to the end of follow-up (up to 8 years)

Secondary Measures

  • Incidence rate and incidence rate ratio of noninfectious severe hepatocellular injury as defined by the Hy’s Law criteria modified by the FDA Working Group (FDA Working group, 2000; Temple, 2006; Navarro and Senior, 2006)
    • Time Frame: From the first day of full exposure of a study antimicrobial (day after the date of dispensing) to the end of follow-up (up to 8 years)
  • Incidence rate and incidence rate ratio of noninfectious acute liver failure, defined as acute liver injury with evidence of coagulation abnormality and any degree of mental alteration (encephalopathy) (Polson and Lee, 2005)
    • Time Frame: From the first day of full exposure of a study antimicrobial (day after the date of dispensing) to the end of follow-up (up to 8 years)
  • Cumulative incidence of noninfections acute liver injury, noninfectious severe hepatocellular injury, and noninfectious acute liver failure at weekly intervals after the start of first episode of treatment with each of the study antimicrobials
    • Time Frame: From the first day of full exposure of a study antimicrobial (day after the date of dispensing) to the end of follow-up (up to 8 years)

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • All persons meeting the following criteria during the study period (July 1, 2001, through March 31, 2009) are eligible for study inclusion:
  • First insurance claim for a dispensing of one of the study antimicrobials during the study period ("new users")
  • Aged 18 years old or older
  • Continuous enrollment in the study database for at least 6 months prior to start of follow-up (which is the date of the first claim for any of the study antimicrobials)
  • Patient data defined as acceptable for research purposes according to the quality criteria of the HIRD

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pregnant women
  • Patients with chronic alcoholism or cirrhosis
  • Patients with history of acute and/or chronic infectious hepatitis or HIV/AIDS

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Bayer
  • Collaborator
    • RTI Health Solutions
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Bayer Study Director, Study Director, Bayer

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