Moderate exercise is thought to be one of the best known means to improve how insulin works in people. Taking vitamin C and vitamin E is also thought to have the same effect. This study is being done to see if taking vitamin C and vitamin E improves or hinders how insulin works when people do not exercise and when they do exercise.
Full Title of Study: “Modulation of Insulin and Exercise Responses by Vitamin E and Vitamin C”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Basic Science
- Masking: Triple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator)
- Study Primary Completion Date: March 2012
The objective of the study is to determine in humans whether anti-oxidant supplementation with ascorbate (vitamin C) or R,R,R-α-tocopherol acetate (vitamin E) improves insulin sensitivity in the untrained state but blocks exercise-induced increases in insulin sensitivity and other adaptations to exercise. The results will provide new information on the roles of anti-oxidant supplementation in modifying insulin sensitivity, and will inform guidelines for anti-oxidant supplementation as an adjunct to exercise.
- Dietary Supplement: Vitamin E and Vitamin C
- Vitamin E 400 iu/dose daily times 56 days Vitamin C 500 mg/dose twice daily times 56 days
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Active Comparator: Vitamin E and Vitamin C
- 4 weeks with Vitamin E and Vitamin C supplementation with no exercise and 4 weeks of supplementation with prescribed exercise.
- No Intervention: Placebo
- Placebos instead of the Vitamin E and Vitamin C supplements
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- (1) Blood glucose and insulin following glucose challenge in non-exercising and exercising people (BMI 27 to 35) taking anti-oxidants (vitamin E and vitamin C) or placebo.
- Time Frame: 28 weeks
- Individuals will be in placebo and vitamin supplemented groups in a cross-over design. A total of 6 oral glucose tolerance tests will be performed per subject in the study.
- (1) Resting metabolic rate, body composition, plasma oxidative stress, plasma vitamin E and vitamin C levels in non-exercising and exercising people (BMI 27 to 35) taking anti-oxidants (vitamin E and vitamin C) or placebo.
- Time Frame: 28 weeks
- (2) Fitness measures (heart rate, exercise work, VO2, VCO2, blood lactate) in non-exercising and exercising people (BMI 27 to 35) taking anti-oxidants (vitamin E and vitamin C) or placebo.
- Time Frame: 28 weeks
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- 30 to 50 years of age
- Willing to not change eating habits
- Willing to not change physical activity habits
- Willing to complete the 28 week study
- Able to swallow pills
- smoke or use tobacco or nicotine in any form including snuff, pills, and patches
- take any medication that makes you unable to do hard exercise
- have cardiovascular, pulmonary, and/or a metabolic disease such as diabetes
- have uncontrolled high blood pressure
- have alcohol, anabolic steroids, or other substance abuse issues
- consume more than 3 alcoholic drinks/week
- have any joint or muscle injuries that affects your ability to exercise
- have cancer (other than skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix)
- are pregnant or nursing
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 30 Years
Maximum Age: 50 Years
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Lead Sponsor
- USDA Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Matthew Picklo, PhD, Principal Investigator, Agriculture Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture, Grand Forks Human Nutrition Research Center
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