Integration of Chronic Disease Rehabilitation Services Into Primary Care


The aim of PR1MaC is to establish a clinical intervention that will adapt and permanently integrate rehabilitation services into primary care settings, which would be the reference point in the health care system for people with Chronic diseases (CD). More specifically, the intervention will aim to: (1) clinically operationalize the mechanisms and tools necessary for delivery of integrated CD services, promoting continuity of care in response to the needs expressed by stakeholders; (2) implement and deploy rehabilitation services adapted to the realities of various clinical primary care settings and develop tools to ensure the sustainability of interventions beyond the rehabilitation period; and (3) support clinical primary care teams in the acquisition and maintenance of evidence-based practices for the targeted CDs.

Full Title of Study: “Adaptation, Implementation and Evaluation of an Intervention Involving the Integration of Chronic Disease Rehabilitation Services Into Primary Care”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: July 2012

Detailed Description

Since 2001, professionals in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region in Quebec province, Canada, have been mobilized to deal with the challenges of CD management by the introduction of the SLSJ Trajectory of Integrated Rehabilitation Services for CD (Trajectoire des services de réadaptation intégrés pour MC du SLSJ), hereafter referred to as the "Trajectoire." This Trajectoire, deployed across the region, constitutes a solid network of rehabilitation services, due as much to the resources granted to it and its evidence-based approach as to the appreciation that patients and professionals within the regional health system have for it. The changes and new directions that have taken place in recent years suggest it is time to improve this Trajectoire by promoting greater integration with primary care services to improve accessibility, the complementarity of services and better post-rehabilitation continuity. The proposed intervention involves the adaptation and integration of rehabilitation services under the Trajectoire's leadership within primary care settings (FMG or medical clinics), so that collaborative work routines are developed and implemented directly at the main place of contact with health services for people with a CD. The intervention will be implemented at the CSSSs in Chicoutimi and Jonquière. This logic model was developed in collaboration with researchers, clinicians and decision-makers involved in this application and discussed at meetings for the preparation of this application. The model's first component (objective 1) will consist of a consultation with stakeholders (primary care professionals, Trajectoire professionals) by sharing information about the current range of services. In each area, the consultation will include a needs evaluation and a reflection on the Trajectoire's services that can be adapted for targeted clients. As each clinic where an intervention will be deployed has its own mode of operation and clientele characteristics, the clinical intervention will be specifically adapted to these considerations and prepared in collaboration with each clinical setting to ensure a range of services that meets the expressed needs.

The second component (objective 2) will be to implement and deploy a range of concerted interdisciplinary services adapted to the client services and professional resources already in place. Services that do not require specialized equipment or adapted premises (a gym, for example) can be integrated, including educational/teaching services (self-care, support to stop smoking, nutrition, etc.). In medical clinics currently not offering these services, the addition will be net, while in those that already rely on the services of nurse practitioners (FMG), the addition of these services will complement existing services. During this period, various mechanisms and clinical information sharing tools will be implemented jointly by professionals. The third component will be to implement a support mechanism and ongoing evaluation within the clinical setting to ensure harmonious integration. If necessary, training workshops will be provided to implement or maintain evidence-based practices and to plan longer-term follow-up of clientele and continuity of interventions.

The intervention: (a) will be educational in nature, patient-centred and based on the Trajectoire; (b) will last at least three months and involve at least three meetings; (c) may include meetings with small patient groups or the involvement of a close relative of the patient (spouse or primary caregiver); (d) will be carried out based on a referral from the primary care team according to defined criteria; (e) will allow an exchange with the primary care team and will be integrated into the primary care medical records; (f) will provide for a transfer of responsibility to the primary care team to ensure ongoing long-term follow-up.


  • Behavioral: Support, management, educational, counselling, follow-up
    • The project offers a range of activities (educational, counselling, follow-up) by several professionals. The varied range of services is spread out over six months and may include individual or group meetings with professionals. Informational documents and follow-up tools are provided to patients based on their condition, to facilitate the acquisition and maintenance of knowledge, self-management, and changes in risk behaviour.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Group A
    • Intervention group(n = 163)
  • Active Comparator: Group B
    • Delayed intervention (n = 163)
  • No Intervention: Group C
    • No intervention group (n = 163)

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Evaluation of effects
    • Time Frame: T1: Initial evaluation; T2: after three months; T3: one year after T1
    • Short term: Self-Efficacy Managing Chronic Disease scale: SEMCD Health Education Impact questionnaire: heiQ Medium term: Risk factors Functional health status/quality of life: SF12 Psychological well being: K6 Other: Socio-demographic: SD comorbidity co-intervention (CI) Visites: 1:(week:- 2) : Group A and B: DBMA; SD; SF12; K6; SEMCD, heiQ 2a:(week:0) : Group A, (week:12) for Group B: SEMCD, heiQ; CI 2b, 2c: (weeks:4, 8) : Group A: CI 3:(weeks:12) : Group A: SEMCD, heiQ; CI 4:(weeks:52) : Group A: SF12, K6; SEMCD, heiQ; CI

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • present at least one of the following conditions: type 2 diabetes, CVD, heart failure, risk factors (smoking, obesity, hyperlipidemia, glucose intolerance, and metabolic syndrome), COPD or asthma.
  • have the potential for rehabilitation

Exclusion Criteria

  • serious cognitive problems

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Martin Fortin
  • Collaborator
    • Pfizer
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor-Investigator: Martin Fortin, Dr – Université de Sherbrooke
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Martin Fortin, MD, M.Sc., Principal Investigator, Université de Sherbrooke


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