Integration of Chronic Disease Rehabilitation Services Into Primary Care

Overview

The aim of PR1MaC is to establish a clinical intervention that will adapt and permanently integrate rehabilitation services into primary care settings, which would be the reference point in the health care system for people with Chronic diseases (CD). More specifically, the intervention will aim to: (1) clinically operationalize the mechanisms and tools necessary for delivery of integrated CD services, promoting continuity of care in response to the needs expressed by stakeholders; (2) implement and deploy rehabilitation services adapted to the realities of various clinical primary care settings and develop tools to ensure the sustainability of interventions beyond the rehabilitation period; and (3) support clinical primary care teams in the acquisition and maintenance of evidence-based practices for the targeted CDs.

Full Title of Study: “Adaptation, Implementation and Evaluation of an Intervention Involving the Integration of Chronic Disease Rehabilitation Services Into Primary Care”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Supportive Care
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: July 2012

Detailed Description

Since 2001, professionals in the Saguenay-Lac-Saint-Jean (SLSJ) region in Quebec province, Canada, have been mobilized to deal with the challenges of CD management by the introduction of the SLSJ Trajectory of Integrated Rehabilitation Services for CD (Trajectoire des services de réadaptation intégrés pour MC du SLSJ), hereafter referred to as the "Trajectoire." This Trajectoire, deployed across the region, constitutes a solid network of rehabilitation services, due as much to the resources granted to it and its evidence-based approach as to the appreciation that patients and professionals within the regional health system have for it. The changes and new directions that have taken place in recent years suggest it is time to improve this Trajectoire by promoting greater integration with primary care services to improve accessibility, the complementarity of services and better post-rehabilitation continuity. The proposed intervention involves the adaptation and integration of rehabilitation services under the Trajectoire's leadership within primary care settings (FMG or medical clinics), so that collaborative work routines are developed and implemented directly at the main place of contact with health services for people with a CD. The intervention will be implemented at the CSSSs in Chicoutimi and Jonquière. This logic model was developed in collaboration with researchers, clinicians and decision-makers involved in this application and discussed at meetings for the preparation of this application. The model's first component (objective 1) will consist of a consultation with stakeholders (primary care professionals, Trajectoire professionals) by sharing information about the current range of services. In each area, the consultation will include a needs evaluation and a reflection on the Trajectoire's services that can be adapted for targeted clients. As each clinic where an intervention will be deployed has its own mode of operation and clientele characteristics, the clinical intervention will be specifically adapted to these considerations and prepared in collaboration with each clinical setting to ensure a range of services that meets the expressed needs.

The second component (objective 2) will be to implement and deploy a range of concerted interdisciplinary services adapted to the client services and professional resources already in place. Services that do not require specialized equipment or adapted premises (a gym, for example) can be integrated, including educational/teaching services (self-care, support to stop smoking, nutrition, etc.). In medical clinics currently not offering these services, the addition will be net, while in those that already rely on the services of nurse practitioners (FMG), the addition of these services will complement existing services. During this period, various mechanisms and clinical information sharing tools will be implemented jointly by professionals. The third component will be to implement a support mechanism and ongoing evaluation within the clinical setting to ensure harmonious integration. If necessary, training workshops will be provided to implement or maintain evidence-based practices and to plan longer-term follow-up of clientele and continuity of interventions.

The intervention: (a) will be educational in nature, patient-centred and based on the Trajectoire; (b) will last at least three months and involve at least three meetings; (c) may include meetings with small patient groups or the involvement of a close relative of the patient (spouse or primary caregiver); (d) will be carried out based on a referral from the primary care team according to defined criteria; (e) will allow an exchange with the primary care team and will be integrated into the primary care medical records; (f) will provide for a transfer of responsibility to the primary care team to ensure ongoing long-term follow-up.

Interventions

  • Behavioral: Support, management, educational, counselling, follow-up
    • The project offers a range of activities (educational, counselling, follow-up) by several professionals. The varied range of services is spread out over six months and may include individual or group meetings with professionals. Informational documents and follow-up tools are provided to patients based on their condition, to facilitate the acquisition and maintenance of knowledge, self-management, and changes in risk behaviour.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Active Comparator: Group A
    • Intervention group(n = 163)
  • Active Comparator: Group B
    • Delayed intervention (n = 163)
  • No Intervention: Group C
    • No intervention group (n = 163)

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Evaluation of effects
    • Time Frame: T1: Initial evaluation; T2: after three months; T3: one year after T1
    • Short term: Self-Efficacy Managing Chronic Disease scale: SEMCD Health Education Impact questionnaire: heiQ Medium term: Risk factors Functional health status/quality of life: SF12 Psychological well being: K6 Other: Socio-demographic: SD comorbidity co-intervention (CI) Visites: 1:(week:- 2) : Group A and B: DBMA; SD; SF12; K6; SEMCD, heiQ 2a:(week:0) : Group A, (week:12) for Group B: SEMCD, heiQ; CI 2b, 2c: (weeks:4, 8) : Group A: CI 3:(weeks:12) : Group A: SEMCD, heiQ; CI 4:(weeks:52) : Group A: SF12, K6; SEMCD, heiQ; CI

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • present at least one of the following conditions: type 2 diabetes, CVD, heart failure, risk factors (smoking, obesity, hyperlipidemia, glucose intolerance, and metabolic syndrome), COPD or asthma.
  • have the potential for rehabilitation

Exclusion Criteria

  • serious cognitive problems

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 75 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Martin Fortin
  • Collaborator
    • Pfizer
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor-Investigator: Martin Fortin, Dr – Université de Sherbrooke
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Martin Fortin, MD, M.Sc., Principal Investigator, Université de Sherbrooke

References

Wagner EH, Austin BT, Davis C, Hindmarsh M, Schaefer J, Bonomi A. Improving chronic illness care: translating evidence into action. Health Aff (Millwood). 2001 Nov-Dec;20(6):64-78.

Tsai AC, Morton SC, Mangione CM, Keeler EB. A meta-analysis of interventions to improve care for chronic illnesses. Am J Manag Care. 2005 Aug;11(8):478-88.

Dennis SM, Zwar N, Griffiths R, Roland M, Hasan I, Powell Davies G, Harris M. Chronic disease management in primary care: from evidence to policy. Med J Aust. 2008 Apr 21;188(S8):S53-6.

Rothman AA, Wagner EH. Chronic illness management: what is the role of primary care?. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Feb 4;138(3):256-61. Review.

Chreim S, Williams BE, Janz L, Dastmalchian A. Change agency in a primary health care context: the case of distributed leadership. Health Care Manage Rev. 2010 Apr-Jun;35(2):187-99. doi: 10.1097/HMR.0b013e3181c8b1f8.

Hogg W, Lemelin J, Moroz I, Soto E, Russell G. Improving prevention in primary care: Evaluating the sustainability of outreach facilitation. Can Fam Physician. 2008 May;54(5):712-20. Erratum in: Can Fam Physician. 2008 Jun;54(6):851.

Clark AM, Hartling L, Vandermeer B, McAlister FA. Meta-analysis: secondary prevention programs for patients with coronary artery disease. Ann Intern Med. 2005 Nov 1;143(9):659-72.

Peytremann-Bridevaux I, Staeger P, Bridevaux PO, Ghali WA, Burnand B. Effectiveness of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease-management programs: systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2008 May;121(5):433-443.e4. doi: 10.1016/j.amjmed.2008.02.009. Review.

Gibson PG, Powell H, Coughlan J, Wilson AJ, Abramson M, Haywood P, Bauman A, Hensley MJ, Walters EH. Self-management education and regular practitioner review for adults with asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2003;(1):CD001117. Review.

Ellis SE, Speroff T, Dittus RS, Brown A, Pichert JW, Elasy TA. Diabetes patient education: a meta-analysis and meta-regression. Patient Educ Couns. 2004 Jan;52(1):97-105.

Gary TL, Genkinger JM, Guallar E, Peyrot M, Brancati FL. Meta-analysis of randomized educational and behavioral interventions in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Educ. 2003 May-Jun;29(3):488-501.

Smith SM, Allwright S, O'Dowd T. Effectiveness of shared care across the interface between primary and specialty care in chronic disease management. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2007 Jul 18;(3):CD004910. Review. Update in: Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Feb 23;2:CD004910.

Oelke ND, Cunning L, Andrews K, Martin D, MacKay A, Kuschminder K, Congdon V. Organizing care across the continuum: primary care, specialty services, acute and long-term care. Healthc Q. 2009;13 Spec No:75-9.

Delon S, Mackinnon B; Alberta Health CDM Advisory Committee. Alberta's systems approach to chronic disease management and prevention utilizing the expanded chronic care model. Healthc Q. 2009;13 Spec No:98-104.

Walsh K, Duke J, Foureur M, Macdonald L. Designing an effective evaluation plan: a tool for understanding and planning evaluations for complex nursing contexts. Contemp Nurse. 2007 May-Jun;25(1-2):136-45.

Nolte S, Elsworth GR, Sinclair AJ, Osborne RH. The extent and breadth of benefits from participating in chronic disease self-management courses: a national patient-reported outcomes survey. Patient Educ Couns. 2007 Mar;65(3):351-60. Epub 2006 Oct 5.

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.