Use of Decitabine in Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) Following Azacitidine (AZA) Failure


The purpose of this study is to assess the response rate at 6 months in Myelodysplastic Syndrome (MDS) patients, Chronic Myelomonocytic Leukaemia (CMML-2) patients, and Acute Myeloid Leukaemia (AML) patients with up to 30% bone marrow blasts, treated with low-dose decitabine who have previously failed therapy with 5-azacitidine.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: September 2012


  • Drug: Decitabine
    • Patients will receive decitabine as a 20mg/m2 one hour intravenous infusion once daily on days 1 to 5 of a 4 week cycle.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Decitabine

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Overall response rate in the efficacy-evaluable (EE) population
    • Time Frame: 6 months

Secondary Measures

  • Overall survival
    • Time Frame: 18 months
  • Time to AML progression (for MDS and CMML-2 patients only) or death
    • Time Frame: 18 months
  • Haematological improvement
    • Time Frame: 18 months
  • Transfusion requirements
    • Time Frame: 18 months
  • Cytogenetic response
    • Time Frame: 18 months
  • Treatment related toxicity
    • Time Frame: Up until one month after last IMP dose

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

1. Written signed informed consent. 2. ≥18 years of age. 3. Diagnosed MDS with 5% or more marrow blasts and IPSS risk intermediate 2 or high risk; or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML-2); or AML with 20-30% bone marrow blasts. 4. Patients who have failed therapy with azacitidine. 5. Performance status 0-2 (ECOG scale). 6. Adequate hepatic (bilirubin < 1.5 X ULN or AST< 2.5 X ULN) and renal functions (creatinine <1.5 X ULN). Exclusion Criteria:

1. Nursing and pregnant females. 2. Females of childbearing potential and males not willing to practice an effective method of contraception whilst receiving decitabine and for 2 months after the last infusion. 3. Patients with previous malignancy or concurrent malignancy. 4. Uncontrolled intercurrent illness including, but not limited to, symptomatic congestive heart failure and unstable angina pectoris. 5. Ongoing oral corticosteroids are not permitted. However, use of corticosteroids (topical and inhaled) is permitted and prophylactic steroids are allowed for transfusion reactions. 6. Patients who have received any investigational agent within the 30 days preceding the first dose of study drug. 7. Patients who have received prior intensive combination chemotherapy or high-dose cytarabine (>/= 1g/m*2 per dose). (Prior biologic therapies, targeted therapies and single agent chemotherapy are allowed). 8. Patients who have an active viral or bacterial infection. Note: No patient is allowed to enter the study unless infections have been fully treated and the patient has remained afebrile for 7 days without antibiotics. 9. Patients who have concurrent autoimmune hemolytic anemia or immune thrombocytopenia. 10. Patients who have previously been treated with decitabine. 11. Patients who have known positive serology for HIV. 12. Patients with a condition that may be unable to comply with the treatment and monitoring requirements of the study.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • King’s College London
  • Collaborator
    • King’s College Hospital NHS Trust
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Professor Ghulam Mufti, King’s College London
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Ghulam J Mufti, MB, DM, FRCP, FRCPath, Principal Investigator, King’s College London
  • Overall Contact(s)
    • Ghulam J Mufti, MB, DM, FRCP, FRCPath, +44 (0) 20 3299 9000,

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