Dose-Escalation Phase 1 Study of G-202 (Mipsagargin) in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors

Overview

This is an open-label, single-arm, dose-escalation Phase I study to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of G-202 (mipsagargin) when administered once daily for 3 consecutive days of a 28-day cycle in patients with advanced solid tumors. G-202 will be administered by intravenous infusion over 1 hour on Days 1, 2 and 3 of each 28-day cycle.

Full Title of Study: “An Open Label, Single-Arm, Dose-Escalation Phase 1 Study of G-202 (Mipsagargin) in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumors”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 2012

Detailed Description

Pro-drug chemotherapy is an approach to cancer treatment that is being investigated as a means to achieve higher concentrations of cytotoxic or biologically active agents at a tumor location while avoiding systemic toxicity. With pro-drug chemotherapy, a relatively non-toxic form of a cytotoxin, the pro-drug, is converted into the active cytotoxic agent at the tumor site or other specific location. G-202 (mipsagargin) is a thapsigargin pro-drug; it consists of a cytotoxic analog of thapsigargin coupled to a masking peptide which inhibits its biologic activity until proteolytic cleavage at the tumor site. Thapsigargin is a natural product with profound effects on cell viability. Thapsigargin is a non-cell-type specific toxin with documented ability to kill a broad spectrum of cancer cell lines as well as normal endothelial cells, fibroblasts and osteoblasts. It induces a rapid and pronounced increase in the concentration of cytosolic calcium, due to blockade of the Sarcoplasmic/Endoplasmic Reticulum Calcium ATPase (SERCA) pump to which it binds with high affinity. The increase in cytosolic calcium leads to induction of apoptosis and ensuing cell death.

The anti-tumor effect of G-202 in humans with advanced solid tumors is not yet known.

Interventions

  • Drug: G-202
    • Thapsigargin is Pro-drug chemotherapy which will be administered by intravenous infusion over 1 hour on Days, 1, 2 and 3 of each 28 day cycle

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: G-202

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Determine the MTD and DLT(s) of G-202 administered by intravenous infusion daily for 3 consecutive days on a 28-day cycle in patients with advanced solid tumors.
    • Time Frame: 2 years
  • Establish the recommended dose of G-202 to be used in Phase II studies.
    • Time Frame: 2 years
  • Determine the pharmacokinetics of G-202 administered by intravenous infusion daily for 3 consecutive days on a 28-day cycle in patients with advanced solid tumors.
    • Time Frame: 2 years

Secondary Measures

  • Investigate the safety profile of G-202 administered by intravenous infusion daily for 3 consecutive days on a 28-day cycle in patients with advanced solid tumors.
    • Time Frame: 2 years
  • Document any evidence of anti-tumor activity, including response rate, disease stability, progression-free or overall survival, in response to G-202 administration
    • Time Frame: 2 years

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Histologically-confirmed malignancy that is metastatic or unresectable and for which standard curative measures do not exist or are no longer effective
  • Disease that is measurable and/ or evaluable by RECIST criteria. Patients with prostate cancer require presence of disease on bone scan and/or CT scan and evidence of increasing PSA after standard hormonal therapy
  • ECOG Performance Status ≤ 2
  • Life expectancy estimated to be at least 3 months
  • Acceptable liver function:
  • In the absence of disease involvement in the liver and if bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and GGT may be ≤ 2 times ULN
  • In the presence of disease involvement in the liver and if bilirubin ≤ 1.5 times institutional upper limit of normal (ULN), AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and GGT may be ≤ 5 times ULN
  • Alkaline phosphatase ≤ 2.5 times ULN Patients with bone metastases alkaline phosphatases ≤ 5 times ULN
  • Acceptable renal function:
  • Serum creatinine ≤ 1.5 times ULN, OR
  • Calculated creatinine clearance ≥ 50 mL/min (Cockcroft-Gault formula)
  • Acceptable hematologic status:
  • Absolute neutrophil count (ANC) ≥ 1500 cells/mm3 (1.5 ×109/L)
  • Platelet count ≥ 100,000 platelet/mm3 (100 ×109/L)
  • Hemoglobin ≥ 9 g/dL
  • Urinalysis with no evidence of proteinuria
  • Acceptable coagulation profile (PT or INR, PTT) < 1.5 times ULN
  • At least 4 weeks since prior chemotherapy or surgery, with recovery to Grade 1 or baseline of significant toxicities felt related to prior drug(s)
  • Women of childbearing potential must have a negative serum pregnancy test at screening.
  • All patients (males and females) of child-bearing potential must agree to use an effective method of birth control
  • Ability to understand and willingness to sign a written informed consent document
  • Patients with prostate cancer must continue androgen deprivation therapy with LHRH agonists

Exclusion Criteria

  • Documentation of keratosis follicularis, also known as Darier or Darier-White disease
  • Known hypersensitivity to any study drug component, including thapsigargin derivatives, Polysorbate 20, or propylene glycol
  • Patients with known and untreated brain metastases. Patients with brain metastases that have been treated and demonstrated to be clinically stable for at least 30 days may be enrolled onto the study
  • Patients with a family history of coagulopathy or patients with DVT or pulmonary embolus within the last 6 months
  • Patients taking anti-coagulants that include Coumadin or low molecular weight heparin
  • Patients with pre-existing cardiac conditions:
  • Prior documented myocardial infarction within the last 6 months
  • Pre-existing cardiac failure (NYHA class III-IV)
  • Atrial fibrillation on anti-coagulants
  • Unstable angina
  • Severe valvulopathy
  • Cardiac angioplasty or stenting within the last 6 months
  • Use or requirement for use of inhibitors or inducers of cytochrome isoenzymes
  • Corrected QTc prolongation value, calculated using Bazett's formula (QTcB = QT/RR ½), > 450 msec
  • Pregnant or lactating females
  • Evidence of serious and/or unstable pre-existing medical, psychiatric or other condition (including laboratory abnormalities) that could interfere with patient safety or provision of informed consent to participate in this study
  • Active uncontrolled infection, including known history of AIDS or hepatitis B or C
  • Any psychological, sociological, or geographical condition that could potentially interfere with compliance with the study protocol and follow-up schedule
  • Concurrently receiving any other investigational agents while on study

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • GenSpera, Inc.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • George Wilding, M.D, Principal Investigator, University of Wisconsin, Madison
    • Michael Carducci, M.D., Principal Investigator, Johns Hopkins University
    • Devalingam Mahalingam, MD, Principal Investigator, University of Texas, Health Science Center,Cancer Therapy and Research Center

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