Effect of the Consumption of a Fermented Milk on Common Infections in Shift-workers


This single-center, randomized, double-blind and controlled study aims to examine the effect of a fermented dairy product containing the probiotic Lactobacillus casei DN-114 001 (Actimel® = tested product) on the incidence of respiratory and gastro-intestinal common infectious diseases (cumulated number of infections during the intervention period: primary criteria), and on immune functions in healthy shift workers. Volunteers received either 200g/day of tested product (N=500) or control product (N=500) for 3-months, followed by a 1-month follow-up.

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Basic Science
    • Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 2007


  • Other: Fermented dairy product containing the probiotic Lactobacillus casei DN-114 001 (Actimel®)
  • Other: Non fermented dairy product (control)

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Sham Comparator: Control Product
  • Active Comparator: Tested Product

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

male and female aged 18-65 years; working in 2- or 3-shift work patterns (including night work); same job position for at least 4.5 months; a 19 to 30 kg/m2 body mass index; no symptoms of CIDs during the 2 weeks before product consumption; agreeing to a written informed consent. Exclusion criteria:

part time work (<90%); allergy/hypersensitivity to components of the study product; severe respiratory allergy; a situation which, in the investigator's opinion, could interfere with optimal participation or constitute a special risk for the volunteer; a history of chronic metabolic/gastro-intestinal disease (except appendectomy); surgery/intervention requiring general anesthesia in the last 4 weeks; administration of systemic/topical treatments likely to interfere with the evaluation parameters in the last 4 weeks; chronic disease requiring antibiotics/antiseptics/anti-inflammatory medications; special medicated diet; chronic/iatrogenic immunodeficiency; cardiac/renal/respiratory insufficiency; severe evolutive/chronic pathology; pregnancy, breast feeding or lacking effective contraception in females; susceptibility not to comply with dietary recommendation during the study period.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 65 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Danone Research
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor

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