Retreatment With High Doses of pegIFN Alfa-2a and Ribavirin of Previous Nonresponders HIV-coinfected Patients With Cirrhosis Due to HCV 1-4

Overview

Objective: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of high doses of both peginterferon-alfa 2a (360 ug per week) plus ribavirin (800 mg b.i.d.) in HIV-infected patients with compensated liver cirrhosis by HCV genotype 1 or 4 without previous virological response(*) to a standard dose treatment of both drugs. (*) Non previous virological response: no decrease of plasma RNA-HCV at least 2 log10 after 12 weeks in treatment or breakthrough viremia while on treatment. Additionally, this study will evaluated the influence of simultaneous peginterferon-alfa 2a and ribavirin plasma concentrations on early viral response (EVR) and sustained viral response (SVR) in these patients. Method: Pilot clinical trial, phase II-III, open labeled multicenter in which patients from several hospitals of the Servicio Andaluz de Salud will be enrolled. The usual clinical and analytical follow up will be performed but additional blood samples will be obtained for determination of interferon and ribavirin plasma levels. The primary end point will be a sustained virologic response (defined as an undetectable serum HCV-RNA after 24 weeks after the cessation of treatment). Likewise, rapid virological response (at 4 weeks of treatment), early virological response (at 12 weeks), and end of treatment response rates will be evaluated as well as their relationships with the plasma interferon an ribavirin concentrations determined by ELISA and HPLC, respectively. The safety and tolerability of the studied medications will be evaluated by means of clinical adverse events, physical examination and laboratory results. The evolution of liver fibrosis will be evaluated comparing the basal and end of treatment results of transient elastometry.

Full Title of Study: “Efficacy of High Doses of Both Pegylated Interferon Alfa-2a and Ribavirin for Retreatment of HIV-coinfected Patients With Liver Cirrhosis Due to HCV Genotype 1 or 4 Nonresponders to Previous Standard Therapy.”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: N/A
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: December 2011

Interventions

  • Drug: Pegylated interferon alfa-2a and Ribavirin
    • Pegylated interferon alfa-2a (360 ug per week) plus oral Ribavirin (800 mg b.i.d.) for 48 or 72 weeks. The treatment will be discontinued for patients who did not achieve a reduction with respect to baseline of at least 0.5 log10 IU/ml in plasma RNA-HCV levels at week 4 or 2 log10 UI/ml at week 12 and will be considered as viral failures. Duration: 48 weeks for patients reaching an undetectable plasma RNA_HCV at week12 and 72 weeks for those without a negative viremia at week 12 but a reduction of at least 2 log10 IU/ml in RNA-HCV levels.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: PegIFN alfa-2a and Ribavirin
    • HIV-coinfected patients with compensated cirrhosis by hepatitis C virus, genotype 1 or 4.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Sustained viral response (undetectable serum HCV-RNA)
    • Time Frame: Throughout treatment and 24 weeks after finishing it

Secondary Measures

  • Relationships between the plasma interferon an ribavirin concentrations and efficacy
    • Time Frame: Throughout treatment and 24 weeks after finishing it.
  • safety and tolerability of the studied medications
    • Time Frame: Throughout treatment and 24 weeks after finishing it
  • The evolution of liver fibrosis will be evaluated comparing the basal and end of treatment results of transient elastometry
    • Time Frame: baseline and after finishing treatment

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age older than 18 years – HIV-infected patients with compensated liver cirrhosis by HCV genotype 1 or 4 without previous virological response(*) to a standard dose treatment of both drugs. – Women of child-bearing age: negative pregnancy test – Ability to understand and sign a written consent form Exclusion Criteria:

  • HCV genotypes different to 1 or 4 – Acute or chronic hepatitis B infection (positivity for hepatitis B surface antigen or plasma DNA) or other concomitant causes of liver disease – Pregnancy or breast feeding. – Decompensated liver disease at baseline. – Neutropenia <1000/uL, anemia <100 g/L or thrombocytopenia <20.000/uL. – Creatinine clearance < 50 mL/min. – Concomitant treatment with immunomodulators or zidovudine, didanosine or stavudine. – Organ or bone marrow transplantation – Current alcoholism or iv drug abuse. Methadone is allowed. – Current neoplasm and/or anti-tumor chemotherapy or immunomodulators – Psychosis or uncontrolled clinical depression – Auto-immune disease, including auto-immune hepatitis – History of significant cardiovascular disease (NYHA III-IV) including but not limited to uncontrolled hypertension, angina pectoris, myocardial infarction, coronary artery surgery and congestive heart failure. – Thyroid dysfunction. – Clinically significant retinal abnormalities – Inability to understand and sign a written consent form

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Sociedad Andaluza de Enfermedades Infecciosas
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Antonio Rivero, Luis Fernando Lopez-Cortes – Sociedad Andaluza de Enfermedades Infecciosas
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Luis F Lopez-Cortes, MD, PhD, Study Director, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla. Hospitales Universitarios Virgen del Rocío
    • Luis F Lopez-Cortes, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Instituto de Biomedicina de Sevilla. Hospitales Universitarios Virgen del Rocio
    • Antonio Rivero, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Hospital Universitario Reina Sofia. Cordoba
    • Mª Jose Rios-Villegas, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Hospital Universitario Viren MAcarena. Sevilla
    • Juan A. Pineda, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Hospital Universitario de Valme. Sevilla

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.