Omega 6:Omega 3 Ratio and Progression of Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD).

Overview

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) supplementation has been shown to prevent specific age-related changes in the retina through biochemical and functional evaluations, but it is unclear whether increased DHA intake-reflected through elevated DHA+EPA blood levels-can affect the natural history and progression of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). AMD is a disease affecting the macula, the part of the eye containing cone photoreceptors at the center of the visual field. The macula is responsible for vision in most daily functions, including reading, seeing fine details, and colour recognition. Severe AMD can lead to a central scotoma, severely impairing daily functioning. AMD can be divided into two forms: the more severe wet AMD, consisting of proliferation of new blood vessels in the retina, and dry AMD characterized by the development of drusen, a buildup of extracellular material . The investigators are focused on the group with the highest risk of developing the two advanced forms of AMD [wet AMD or central geographic atrophy]: patients with unilateral wet AMD and dry AMD in their other eye. The study will consist of following up a cohort of such subjects and monitoring their visual function in a comprehensive manner. Working in concert with clinical ophthalmologists and basic scientists, the investigators will monitor "DHA+EPA" and "Omega6:Omega3 fatty acid ratio" levels in the blood, inherited predispositions through genetic analysis, lipofuscin (an accumulated waste product) levels & AMD progression via fundus photography, visual acuity, and retinal function via full-field and multifocal electroretinograms. These different factors will be cross-correlated and evaluated to determine how omega-3 fatty acids affect the progression of AMD.

Full Title of Study: “Effect of Omega-6:Omega-3 Fatty Acid Ratio on Delaying Progression of Age-related Macular Degeneration (AMD) in Moderate to High Risk Individuals.”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Observational
  • Study Design
    • Time Perspective: Prospective
  • Study Primary Completion Date: March 2014

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Progression of dry AMD status according to international classification/grading system.
    • Time Frame: 2 year

Secondary Measures

  • Delayed progression to neovascular AMD (NVAMD) or Central Geographic Atrophy (cGA) in the fellow eye.
    • Time Frame: 5 years

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • 50+ years of age
  • NVAMD (Wet) in one eye, early or intermediate dry-AMD in the fellow eye
  • taking AREDS vitamins (or equivalent)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Central geographic atrophy
  • Diabetic retinopathy
  • Ocular surgery in the eye with dry-AMD (not including cataract IOL surgery)
  • Underlying ocular pathology in the eye with dry-AMD (especially glaucoma, dense cataracts, and retinitis pigmentosa)

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 50 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Yves Sauve
  • Collaborator
    • Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR)
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor-Investigator: Yves Sauve, PhD, AHFMR Senior Scholar, Ophthalmology Assistant Professor, University of Alberta – University of Alberta
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Yves Sauvé, PhD, Principal Investigator, Department of Ophthalmology

References

Chiu CJ, Klein R, Milton RC, Gensler G, Taylor A. Does eating particular diets alter the risk of age-related macular degeneration in users of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study supplements? Br J Ophthalmol. 2009 Sep;93(9):1241-6. doi: 10.1136/bjo.2008.143412. Epub 2009 Jun 9.

Cakiner-Egilmez T. Omega 3 fatty acids and the eye. Insight. 2008 Oct-Dec;33(4):20-5; quiz 26-7. Review.

Querques G, Benlian P, Chanu B, Portal C, Coscas G, Soubrane G, Souied EH. Nutritional AMD treatment phase I (NAT-1): feasibility of oral DHA supplementation in age-related macular degeneration. Eur J Ophthalmol. 2009 Jan-Feb;19(1):100-6.

SanGiovanni JP, Chew EY, Agrón E, Clemons TE, Ferris FL 3rd, Gensler G, Lindblad AS, Milton RC, Seddon JM, Klein R, Sperduto RD; Age-Related Eye Disease Study Research Group. The relationship of dietary omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid intake with incident age-related macular degeneration: AREDS report no. 23. Arch Ophthalmol. 2008 Sep;126(9):1274-9. doi: 10.1001/archopht.126.9.1274.

Augood C, Chakravarthy U, Young I, Vioque J, de Jong PT, Bentham G, Rahu M, Seland J, Soubrane G, Tomazzoli L, Topouzis F, Vingerling JR, Fletcher AE. Oily fish consumption, dietary docosahexaenoic acid and eicosapentaenoic acid intakes, and associations with neovascular age-related macular degeneration. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 Aug;88(2):398-406.

Johnson EJ, Chung HY, Caldarella SM, Snodderly DM. The influence of supplemental lutein and docosahexaenoic acid on serum, lipoproteins, and macular pigmentation. Am J Clin Nutr. 2008 May;87(5):1521-9.

Huang LL, Coleman HR, Kim J, de Monasterio F, Wong WT, Schleicher RL, Ferris FL 3rd, Chew EY. Oral supplementation of lutein/zeaxanthin and omega-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in persons aged 60 years or older, with or without AMD. Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2008 Sep;49(9):3864-9. doi: 10.1167/iovs.07-1420. Epub 2008 Apr 30.

Clinical trials entries are delivered from the US National Institutes of Health and are not reviewed separately by this site. Please see the identifier information above for retrieving further details from the government database.

At TrialBulletin.com, we keep tabs on over 200,000 clinical trials in the US and abroad, using medical data supplied directly by the US National Institutes of Health. Please see the About and Contact page for details.