Comparing Bronchodilation of Symbicort With and Without Valved Holding Chamber (Aerochamber Plus)

Overview

This study will compare the amount of bronchial tube relaxation from the Formoterol medicine contained in the Symbicort pressure Metered Dose Inhaler(pMDI)(a combination of Budesonide, a steroid, and Formoterol, a drug which relaxes the bronchial smooth muscle. The comparison will be using the pMDI in the usual fashion to the pMDIs and a spacer which allows more time for breathing in the medication. Breathing tests will be measured over a 12 hour period for the comparison.

Full Title of Study: “A Comparison of the Bronchodilating Activity of Symbicort Pressure Metered Dose Inhaler (pMDI) 160/4.5 Used in the Conventional Manner and With a Valved Spacer Holding Chamber (Aerochamber Plus)”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Other
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: August 2009

Detailed Description

Sixteen subjects will receive treatment in a cross-over design. They will inhale Symbicort 160/4.5 two inhalations in the manner prescribed in the approved package insert. The second intervention will be the inhalation of Symbicort 160/4.5 two inhalations through a valved holding chamber (Aero Chamber Plus). Breathing tests including spirometry will be measured at various time periods over a 12-hour time frame in each intervention. Comparison will be made of the two periods to demonstrate that the use of the valved holding chamber does not adversely affect the bronchodilation of the formoterol component of the combination drug.

Interventions

  • Drug: pMDI budesonide/formotrol 160/4.5 is in group 1
    • The asthmatic subjects will receive budesonide/formoterol pMDI 160/4.5 pMDI 2 inhalations used in conventional fashion, and have pulmonary function measured over 12 hours who are expected to show bronchodilation.
  • Device: Symbicort 160/4.5 plus Aerochamber Plus included in group 2
    • Symbicort 160/4.5 2 inhalations will be administered through a valved holding chamber, Aerochamber Plus, Pulmonary functions will be measured over 12 hours in asthmatic subjects who are expected to show bronchodilation.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Other: Group 1 / use of pMDI as approved
    • The intervention in this group will use inhalation from the pMDI containing budesonide/formoterol pMDI 160/4.5 2 inhalations as approved. (FDA approved product information) without a spacer. The pulmonary function tests (PFTs) will be collected at baseline and for a period of 12 hours post inhalation of 2 inhalation of budesonide /formoterol; pMDI160/5.
  • Experimental: Group 2 / pMDI with Aerochamber Plus
    • The intervention in this group will use the pMDI budesonide/formoterol 160/4.5 with a valve holding chamber spacer device, Aerochamber Plus which is the intervention being studied The PFTs will be collected at baseline and for a period of 12 hours post inhalation of 2 inhalation of Symbicort 160/5. This is the intervention to be studied for comparison to the non-spacer inhalations..

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • The Mean Area Under the Curve (AUC) of Forced Expiratory Volume in One Second (FEV-1) Over 12 Hours, Measured (BL), 5, 10, 15, 60, 120, 240, 480, 720 Minutes. The Unit is Liters, and the AUC is in Liters.
    • Time Frame: BL, 5, 10,15,30,60,120,240,480,720 minutes (12 hrs)
    • The mean FEV-1 (Forced Expiratory Volume 1 second) for each of the treatments (with and without valved holding chamber) in this crossover design were recorded at BL, 5, 10, 15, 30, 60, 120, 240. 480, 720 minutes (12 hrs) were plotted as a curve and the area under the curve was calculated. The measured results was mean liters/12 hours.

Secondary Measures

  • FEV-1/FVC
    • Time Frame: 0,5,10,15,30,60,120,240,480,720 minutes
    • The ratio of the volumes in liters of FEV-1 to Forced vital capacity (FVC). This is reported as percent for each time point., Each time point will be compared.for the two interventions. This expressed as a percentage.

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Asthma with 15% or more increase in Forced expiratory volume at 1 second (FEV-1) after 180-360 mcg of albuterol pMDI

Exclusion Criteria

  • Any illness or condition which might place subject at risk in the study;e.g. some cardiovascular disorders Inability to understand and sign informed consent

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 60 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Western Sky Medical Research
  • Collaborator
    • AstraZeneca
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Lyndon Mansfield, Director – Western Sky Medical Research
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Lyndon E Mansfield, MD, Principal Investigator, Western Sky Medical Research

References

Dolovich MB, Ahrens RC, Hess DR, Anderson P, Dhand R, Rau JL, Smaldone GC, Guyatt G; American College of Chest Physicians; American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology. Device selection and outcomes of aerosol therapy: Evidence-based guidelines: American College of Chest Physicians/American College of Asthma, Allergy, and Immunology. Chest. 2005 Jan;127(1):335-71. Review.

Newman SP. Principles of metered-dose inhaler design. Respir Care. 2005 Sep;50(9):1177-90. Review.

Hess DR. Aerosol delivery devices in the treatment of asthma. Respir Care. 2008 Jun;53(6):699-723; discussion 723-5.

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