Efficacy of Minoxidil in Children With Williams-Beuren Syndrome

Overview

The Williams-Beuren syndrome (WBS) is a sporadic congenital disorder characterized by a multisystem developmental impairment. This syndrome is caused by a microdeletion in chromosome 7q11.23 that encompasses loss of the elastin locus. Elastin, which is part of the extracellular matrix, controls proliferation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) and stabilizes arterial structure. Loss of elastin gene in WBS patients has been claimed to provide a biological basis for the abnormal elastic fibre properties leading to cardiovascular abnormalities like supravalvular aortic stenosis (SVAS), hypertension, arteriosclerosis and stenosis in more than 50% of WBS children. These cardiovascular pathologies result in important consequences and neither curative nor preventive medicinal treatments exist at this time. Surgery is needed in more than half cases, while it is often leading to complications. Minoxidil is a well-known antihypertensive drug used in adults and children. Furthermore, according to animal studies, minoxidil seems to increase arterial elastin content by decreasing elastase activity in these tissues. Other data demonstrate that minoxidil specifically stimulate elastin synthesis. Working Hypothesis:If insufficient elastin synthesis leads to vascular complications and arterial hypertension in children with WBS, restoration of sufficient quantity of elastin should then result in prevention or inhibition of vascular malformations and improvement in arterial tension. Therefore, as a pharmacological agent capable to stimulate elastin expression, minoxidil might be a useful drug for the treatment of abnormal elastin metabolism in WBS children. Objective:To evaluate the efficacy of minoxidil on cardiovascular structure in children with Williams Beuren syndrome. Methodology: randomized controlled trial on two parallel group (23 patients in each arm) Main criterion:variation of carotid Intima-media thickness (IMT) before and after 12 months of treatment with Minoxidil versus placebo Secondary intermediate criteria of the vascular properties are arterial stiffness, cardiac and renal stenosis, arterial tension. Total study duration:30 months including a 12 month-recruitment period

Full Title of Study: “The Efficacy of Minoxidil in Children With Williams-Beuren Syndrome: a Randomized Clinical Trial.”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: February 2015

Interventions

  • Drug: Minoxidil
    • Normotension: 0.2mg/kg/day for children under 12 and 5mg/day for children aged 12 or more. Hypertension: 0.2mg/kg/day, increasing up to a maximal dosage of 1 mg/kg) for children under 12. 5mg/day, increasing as needed of 0.1 mg/kg/day (up to a maximal dosage of 40 mg/day) for children aged 12 or more.
  • Drug: Placebo
    • Normotension: 0.2mg/kg/day for children under 12 and 5mg/day for children aged 12 or more. Hypertension: 0.2mg/kg/day, increasing up to a maximal dosage of 1 mg/kg) for children under 12. 5mg/day, increasing as needed of 0.1 mg/kg/day (up to a maximal dosage of 40 mg/day) for children aged 12 or more.

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Minoxidil
    • Normotension: 0.2mg/kg/day for children under 12 and 5mg/day for children aged 12 or more. Hypertension: 0.2mg/kg/day, increasing up to a maximal dosage of 1 mg/kg) for children under 12. 5mg/day, increasing as needed of 0.1 mg/kg/day (up to a maximal dosage of 40 mg/day) for children aged 12 or more.
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    • Placebo = lactose

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Variation of Carotid Intima-media Thickness (IMT) Assessed by Vascular Echography
    • Time Frame: 12 months

Secondary Measures

  • Efficacy of Minoxidil on Humeral IMT Assessed by Vascular Echography
    • Time Frame: 18 months
  • Efficacy of Minoxidil on Arterial Stiffness (Pulse Wave Velocity and Vascular Compliance at J0, M12 and M18)
    • Time Frame: 18 months
  • Efficacy of Minoxidil on Supravalvular Stenosis, Pulmonary Stenosis, Aortic Stenosis and Renal Stenosis (Cardiac and Renal Echodoppler at J0, and M12)
    • Time Frame: 12 months
  • Efficacy of Minoxidil on Arterial Tension (24H-Holter at J0 and M12)
    • Time Frame: 12 months
  • Effect of Minoxidil on Neurohumoral Mechanisms of Cardiovascular Regulation and on Plasmatic Markers of the Extracellular Matrix.
    • Time Frame: 12 months
  • Genetic Study: Characterization of Deletions Responsible for WBS (Size Deletion, DNA Sample at Inclusion).
    • Time Frame: Day 0

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • proven diagnosis of Williams Beuren syndrome (genetic test) – normotension or hypertension, treated or not – male or female, – 6< age <18, – negative pregnancy test for childbearing potential female – effective birth control for sexually active female – signed consent form collected from parents or legal guardian Exclusion Criteria:
  • pulmonary hypertension secondary to mitral stenosis – myocardial infarction within 1 month prior randomization – known allergies to minoxidil or any of the components of Lonoten. – asthma – renal failure (creatinine clearance <40ml/min) – no affiliation to a national health insurance program (social security) – intolerance to lactose – current vasodilator anti hypertensive treatment
  • Gender Eligibility: All

    Minimum Age: 6 Years

    Maximum Age: 18 Years

    Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

    Investigator Details

    • Lead Sponsor
      • Hospices Civils de Lyon
    • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
      • Sponsor
    • Overall Official(s)
      • Behrouz KASSAI, MD, Principal Investigator, Hospices Civils de Lyon

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