Calcipotriol and Polymorphic Light Eruption

Overview

Polymorphic light eruption (PLE) is a photodermatosis with an extremely high prevalence, particularly among young women (up to 20%). The disease is characterized through itchy skin lesions on sun-exposed body sites occurring after sun exposure mostly in spring and early summer. Its etiopathogenesis is unknown but resistance to ultraviolet radiation (UVR)-induced immunosuppression with subsequent immune reactions against skin photoneoantigens has been suggested.

The phenomenon of UVR-induced immunosuppression (suppression of CHS) has been well known for many years. Recent findings showed that regulatory T cells (CD4+CD25+FoxP3+) (Tregs), a subset of T helper cells, are crucial in UVR-induced immunosuppression. However, the requirements for the maintenance of peripheral CD4+CD25+ T cells, important in suppression of immune responses, are still incompletely understood. Recent work suggests that cutaneous RANKL might be the physiologic missing link that couples UVR to immunosuppression. Epidermal RANKL, expressed in keratinocytes of inflamed skin due to e.g. UVR exposure was shown to control the number of Tregs via activation of dendritic cells, hereby mediating UVR-induced immunosuppression (e.g. suppression of allergic contact hypersensitivity responses). In addition to the suppression of local cutaneous hyperallergic responses, the development of systemic autoimmunity is suppressed. A strong inducer of RANKL expression and of Tregs is vitamin D3 that has been reported to have immunosuppressive effects. Interestingly, patients with autoimmune disorders (e.g. lupus erythematosus) may exhibit reduced vitamin D3 blood levels.

This randomized, double blinded left-right body side experimental comparison study was designed to assess the preventive effect of the vitamin D3 analogue calcipotriol in patients with PLE. The hypothesis is tested that treatment with a calcipotriol-containing cream can prevent the UVR-induced development of PLE skin lesions. Better insight into the pathogenesis of PLE may give clues to develop new therapeutic strategies.

Full Title of Study: “Calcipotriol in the Prevention of Polymorphic Light Eruption”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: May 2009

Detailed Description

PLE patients will be recruited through the Photodermatology Unit of the Department of Dermatology, Medical University of Graz, Austria. Eligible patients will be identified through diagnosis-related computer-assisted search in the electronic patient chart system of the Unit. The diagnosis of PLE will be verified by patient's history, clinical symptoms, histologic findings, laboratory studies and/or phototesting procedures.

A calcipotriol-cream and a placebo cream are used in this study. Fifteen PLE patients will be enrolled. On day 1, the individual minimal erythema dose (MED) is assessed on patients' skin by exposure to a test ladder of solar-simulated UVR produced by a xenon arc source (Oriel Corp. Darmstadt, Germany). From day 2 to 5, 0.5 individual MED exposures (increased by 0 to 30% per exposure, depending on the erythema response to a preceding dose) are given to a total of four 10-by-10 cm skin test fields on symmetrically located, individual PLE predilection sites on the trunk or extremities. These test fields are pretreated in a randomized and double-blinded fashion either with the calcipotriol cream or the placebo cream (twice a day) during 7 days before start of phototesting.

Interventions

  • Drug: Calcipotriol-containing cream
    • Topical treatment twice a day for 7 days

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Polymorphic light eruption score
    • Time Frame: 2 weeks

Secondary Measures

  • Pruritus
    • Time Frame: 2 weeks
  • Erythema
    • Time Frame: 2 weeks
  • Tanning
    • Time Frame: 2 weeks

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Diagnosis of PLE either by typical history and/or typical histology of lesions and/or positive phototesting results
  • Age > 18 years

Exclusion Criteria

  • Presence of or history of malignant skin tumors
  • Dysplastic melanocytic nevus syndrome
  • Photosensitive diseases such as porphyria, chronic actinic dermatitis, Xeroderma pigmentosum, basal cell nevus syndrome, and others
  • Autoimmune disorders such as Lupus erythematosus or dermatomyositis
  • Psychiatric disorders
  • Immune deficiency or systemic treatment with steroids and/or other immunosuppressive drugs
  • Pregnancy or lactation
  • Antinuclear antibodies
  • UV exposure in test fields within 8 weeks before study start
  • General poor health status
  • Severe liver or renal disease, disorders or therapy of the calcium metabolism with vitamin D containing drugs

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Medical University of Graz
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Peter Wolf, MD, Principal Investigator, Medical University of Graz, Austria
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Peter Wolf, MD, Principal Investigator, Medical University of Graz, Austria

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