A Drug Interaction Study of VI-0521 With Metformin, Sitagliptan and Probenecid in Healthy Subjects.

Overview

The purposes of this study are to: – Find out how much of the study drugs are in the blood of healthy subjects after taking multiple doses of VI-0521, metformin and sitagliptan. – Determine the effect of probenecid on the amount of VI-0521 in the blood of healthy subjects after taking multiple doses. – Find out how much topiramate is in the semen of healthy male subjects after taking multiple doses.

Full Title of Study: “A Phase I, Single-Center, Open-Label, Non-randomized, One-Sequence Crossover, Pharmacokinetic Interaction Study of the Combination Product VI-0521 (Phentermine Plus Topiramate) With Metformin, Sitagliptin or Probenecid in Healthy Subjects”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Non-Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: March 2009

Detailed Description

This trial is an open-label, non-randomized, one-sequence crossover study. All subjects will receive an oral dose of metformin 500 mg tablet twice daily on Days 1 to 5 and on Days 30 to 34; an oral dose of sitagliptin 100 mg tablet once daily on Days 6 to 10 and on Days 35 to 39 and a single oral dose of VI-0521 (phentermine/topiramate) capsule once daily each morning at 3.75/23 mg for 2 days (Days 11-12), 7.5/46 mg for 3 days (Days 13-15), 11.25/69 mg for 3 days (Days 16-18) and 15/92 mg for 21 days (Days 19-39) plus a single oral dose of 2 g (four 500 mg) probenecid tablets on Day 29. Subjects will remain at the site for the duration of the study (from Day -1 to Day 40). Blood samples for the determination of metformin concentrations in plasma will be collected at 0 (pre-dose), 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8 and 12 hours after the morning administration of metformin or metformin plus VI-0521 on Days 5 and 34. Blood samples for the determination of sitagliptin concentrations in plasma will be collected at 0 (pre-dose), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 16 and 24 hours after the administration of sitagliptin or sitagliptin plus VI-0521 on Days 10 and 39. Blood samples for the determination of phentermine and topiramate concentrations in plasma will be collected at 0 (pre-dose), 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 10, 16 and 24 hours after the administration of the investigational product(s) on Days 28, 29, 34 and 39. Pre-dose blood samples for determination of the investigational drug concentrations in plasma will be taken in the morning on Days 4 and 33 for metformin; Days 9 and 38 for sitagliptin and Days 27, 33 and 38 for phentermine and topiramate. Semen samples for determination of topiramate concentrations will be collected on Day 28 between five and seven hours after VI-0521 administration in 8 male non-vasectomized subjects to obtain at least 6 evaluable subjects. The primary endpoints of this study will be the PK parameters AUC0-τ and Cmax of phentermine, topiramate, sitagliptin and metformin.The secondary endpoint is the topiramate concentration in semen.

Interventions

  • Drug: Metformin, VI-0521, Sitagliptan, Probenecid
    • This trial is an open-label, non-randomized, one-sequence crossover study. metformin 500 mg tablet twice daily on Days 1 to 5 and on Days 30 to 34 sitagliptan 100 mg tablet once daily on Days 6 to 10 and on Days 35 to 39 VI-0521 (phentermine/topiramate) capsule once daily each morning at 3.75/23 mg for 2 days (Days 11-12), 7.5/46 mg for 3 days (Days 13-15), 11.25/69 mg for 3 days (Days 16-18) and 15/92 mg for 21 days (Days 19-39) 2 g (four 500 mg) probenecid tablets on Day 29.

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • The primary endpoints of this study will be the PK parameters AUC0-τ and Cmax of phentermine, topiramate, sitagliptin and metformin.
    • Time Frame: 40 days

Secondary Measures

  • The secondary endpoint is the topiramate concentration in semen.
    • Time Frame: 40 days

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • The study population will consist of adult healthy males or females, 19-45 years of age; inclusive who are medically healthy with no clinically significant screening results. Exclusion Criteria:

  • Main exclusion criteria include a history or presence of significant cardiovascular, neurological, hematological, psychiatric, hepatic, gastrointestinal, pulmonary, endocrine, immunologic or renal disease or other condition known to interfere with the absorption, distribution, metabolism, or excretion of drugs or place the subjects at increased risk as determined by the Investigator; any clinically significant laboratory abnormalities as judged by the Investigator; any history of glaucoma, increased intraocular pressure, or medications to treat increased intraocular pressure; presence of cholelithiasis or cholecystitis within the last 6 months that has not been surgically treated with cholecystectomy; any history of a cardiovascular or cerebrovascular event; any active malignancy except basal cell carcinoma; systolic blood pressure > 150 mm Hg or diastolic blood pressure > 95 mm Hg at screening or at check-in (Two rechecks are allowed); positive drug/alcohol test at screening or check in; blood donation or significant blood loss within 56 days of dosing; plasma donation within 7 days of dosing. In female subjects, a positive pregnancy test at screening or check-in is exclusionary.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 19 Years

Maximum Age: 45 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • VIVUS, Inc.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Wesley Day, VP Clinical, Vivus, Inc.
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Shiyin Yee, Study Director, VIVUS, Inc.

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