Comparison Bioavailability Study of Quinine Sulfate in Chocolate Pudding

Overview

This is an open label randomized single dose two-way crossover study to compare the bioavailability of a single oral dose of quinine sulfate 648 mg(2 x 324 mg) when mixed with 120 ml of chocolate pudding relative to the same dose given as two intact capsules.

Full Title of Study: “A Comparison of the Bioavailability of Quinine Sulfate Capsules Following a 648 mg Dose When Mixed in Chocolate Pudding Relative to That With Intact Capsules in Healthy Adults Under Fasting Conditions”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Basic Science
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: August 2007

Detailed Description

Prior studies have shown that intact quinine sulfate capsules can be taken without regard for food. This is an open label randomized single dose two-way crossover study to compare the bioavailability of a single oral dose of quinine sulfate 648mg(2 x 324 mg capsules) when opened and mixed with 120 ml of chocolate pudding relative to the same dose given as two intact capsules. Eighteen healthy adult subjects will be enrolled. Following a fast of at least 10 hours subjects will be randomized to receive either 648 mg of quinine sulfate as the intact capsules or opened mixed in 120ml of chocolate pudding. Following a washout period of at least 7 days all subjects will be given the alternate dose under similar conditions. Following each dose, blood samples will be collected at times sufficient to determine the difference in bioavailability (if any) between the two methods of drug administration. In addition patients will be monitored for any adverse events including Electrocardiogram (EKG) changes (at baseline and 4 hours after each dose).

Interventions

  • Drug: quinine sulfate
    • 2 x 324 mg capsules (648 mg)
  • Drug: quinine sulfate
    • 2 x 324 mg capsules (648 mg)

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: 1
    • Single dose intact capsules 2 x 324 mg
  • Experimental: 2
    • Single dose contents of two capsules (2 x 324 mg) opened and mixed in 120 mL of chocolate pudding

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Maximum Observed Plasma Concentration (Cmax)
    • Time Frame: After dosing at time points 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, 24, 36, and 48 hours
    • The highest concentration of drug in plasma after a dose. Measured to evaluate the bioequivalence of the two dosing methods
  • Area Under the Concentration Time Curve From Zero to t. (AUC 0-t)
    • Time Frame: After dosing at time points 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, 24, 36, and 48 hours
    • The area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from zero to the last measurable plasma concentration as calculated by the linear trapezoidal method. Calculated to determine whether the 2 methods of administration are bioequivalent.
  • The Area Under the Plasma Concentration Versus Time Curve From Time Zero to Infinity. (AUC Inf)
    • Time Frame: After dosing at time points 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 2.5, 3, 3.5, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, 16, 24, 36, and 48 hours
    • AUC inf is calculated as the sum of the AUC 0-t plus the ratio of the last measurable plasma concentration to the elimination rate constant.It is calculated to evaluate the bioequivalence of the two dosing methods

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Healthy nonsmoking adults with hemoglobin at least 12 g/dl. Males at least 52 kg, females at least 45kg with body mass index in the normal range, females must be chemically or surgically sterile or postmenopausal (amenorrhea at least 2years)

Exclusion Criteria

  • Pregnant or lactating
  • Test positive at screening for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B surface antigen (HbsAg), or hepatitis C virus (HCV) Recent (1-year) history or evidence of alcoholism or drug abuse History or presence of significant cardiovascular, pulmonary, hepatic, renal, hematological, gastrointestinal, endocrine, immunologic, dermatologic, neurological, or psychiatric disease, myasthenia gravis, optic neuritis or Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency
  • Prolonged corrected QT interval(QTc) on Electrocardiogram(EKG) at screening -males >430 msec, females >450 msec.

PR interval on EKG >200 msec at screening or prior to dose in either dosing period

  • Subjects who have used any drugs or substances known to inhibit or induce cytochrome (CYP) P450 enzymes and/or P-glycoprotein (P-gp) within 30 days prior to the first dose and throughout the study

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 50 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Gaetano Morelli, MD, Principal Investigator, MDS Pharma Services
    • Matthew Davis, MD, Study Chair, Mutual Pharmaceutical Company, Inc.

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