Bioequivalence Study of Nitrofurantoin 100 mg Capsules Under Fed Conditions


An open label, randomised, two-treatment, four-period, two-sequence, single-dose, crossover, fully replicated bioavailability study on Nitrofurantoin formulations comparing Nitrofurantoin 100 mg capsules of Ranbaxy Laboratories with Macrobid 100 mg capsules in healthy, adult, human subjects under fed conditions

Full Title of Study: “An Open Label, Randomised, Two-Treatment, Four-Period, Two-Sequence, Single-Dose, Crossover, Fully Replicated Bioavailability Study on Nitrofurantoin Formulations Comparing Nitrofurantoin 100 mg Capsules of Ranbaxy Laboratories With Macrobid 100 mg Capsules in Healthy, Adult, Human Subjects Under Fed Conditions”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
    • Masking: None (Open Label)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: October 2003

Detailed Description

This was an open-label, randomized, single-dose, four period fully replicate crossover, relative bioavailability study performed on 40 healthy adult male and. A total of 35 completed the clinical phase of the study.


  • Drug: Nitrofurantoin 100 mg capsules

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: 1
    • Nitrofurantoin 100 mg capsules of Ranbaxy
  • Active Comparator: 2
    • Macrobid 100 mg capsules

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Bioequivalence

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Be in the age range of 18-45 years.
  • Be neither overweight nor underweight for his/her height as per the Life insurance Corporation of India height/weight chart for non-medical cases.
  • Have voluntarily given written informed consent to participate in this study.
  • Be of normal health as determined by medical history and physical examination of the subjects performed within 14 days prior to the commencement of the study.
  • If female and:
  • Of childbearing potential, is practicing an acceptable method of birth control for the duration of the study as judged by the investigator(s), such as condoms, foams, jellies, diaphragm, intrauterine device (IUD), or abstinence; or
  • Is postmenopausal for at least I year; or
  • Is surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy, or hysterectomy).

Exclusion Criteria

  • History of allergy to nitrofurantoin and/or other related drugs.
  • Any evidence of organ dysfunction or any clinically significant deviation from the normal, in physical or clinical determinations.
  • Evidence of haemolysis (for glucose-6-phosphotase) deficiency.
  • Presence of disease markers of HIV 1 and 2, Hepatitis B and C viruses or syphilis infection.
  • Female volunteers demonstrating a positive pregnancy test.
  • Female volunteers who are currently breastfeeding.
  • Presence of values which are significantly different from normal reference ranges (as defined in Appendix 5) and/or judged clinically significant for haemoglobin, total white blood cells count, differential WBC count or platelet count.
  • Positive for urinary screen testing of drugs of abuse (opiates and cannabinoids)
  • Presence of values which are significantly different from normal reference ranges (as defined in Appendix 5) and/or judged clinically significant for serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen, serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST), serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT), serum alkaline phosphatase, serum bilirubin, plasma glucose or serum cholesterol.
  • Clinically abnormal chemical and microscopic examination of udne defined as presence of RI3C, WBC (>4/HPF), epithelial cells (>4/HPF), glucose (positive) or protein (positive).
  • Clinically abnormal ECG or Chest X-ray. History of serious gastrointestinal, hepatic, renal, cardiovascular, pulmonary, neurological or haematological disease, diabetes, glaucoma or gout.
  • History of any psychiatric illness which may impair the ability to provide written informed consent.
  • Regular smokers who smoke more than 10 cigarettes daily or have difficulty abstaining from smoking for the duration of each study period.
  • History of drug dependence or excessive alcohol intake on a habitual basis of more than 2 units of alcoholic beverages per day (1 unify.equivalent to half pint of beer or ! glass of wine or 1 measure of spirit)or have difficulty in abstaining for the duration of each study period.
  • Use of any enzyme modi~ing drugs within 30 days prior to Day 1 of this study.
  • Participation in any clinical trial within 12 weeks preceding Day ! of this study.
  • A haemoglobin concentration of less than 7 % of lower limit of reference range e.g. 13 gm % for reference range of 14-18 gm at screening.

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 45 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Ranbaxy Laboratories Limited
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Dr. Tausif Monif, Ranbaxy Research Laboratories

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