Safety Evaluation of Herpes Simplex Candidate Vaccine (gD2t) With Adjuvant in HSV Seropositive / Seronegative Subjects


This study will evaluate, versus a placebo, the safety of Herpes simplex candidate vaccine with adjuvant in initially HSV seropositive or seronegative subjects who have no genital herpes disease.

Full Title of Study: “Study to Evaluate the Safety of GSK Biologicals’ Herpes Simplex Candidate Vaccine (gD2t) With MPL in HSV Seropositive or Seronegative Subjects Without Genital Herpes Disease”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Prevention
    • Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: April 1999

Detailed Description

This study was monitored by a Data Safety Monitoring Board. At the time of conduct of this study, the sponsor GlaxoSmithKline was known by its former name SmithKline Beecham.


  • Biological: Herpes simplex candidate vaccine- adjuvanted GSK 208141
    • Intramuscular injection, 3 doses
  • Biological: Placebo
    • Intramuscular injection, 3 doses

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Group A
  • Placebo Comparator: Group B

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • To compare between herpes simplex vaccine and placebo recipients the general safety of the vaccine by recording all the unsolicited adverse experiences and all serious adverse experiences
    • Time Frame: During a 30-day period after each vaccination (AEs), during 7 months after study start (SAEs)

Secondary Measures

  • To compare between vaccine and placebo recipients the incidence and severity of the reactogenicity as measured by recording the local reactions and the general symptoms
    • Time Frame: On the day of each vaccination and on the following 3 days
  • To compare between vaccine and placebo recipients the effect on the haematological and biochemical parameters in subjects from 20% of the centers in each country
    • Time Frame: At day -90 to day -7, and at month 7 and month 13
  • To compare between vaccine and placebo recipients the effect on pre-existing herpes simplex virus infection by recording the frequency and severity of all herpes simplex clinical episodes
    • Time Frame: Day 0 through month 19
  • To evaluate the incidence and the types of the serious adverse experiences in both groups
    • Time Frame: Month 7 to month 19
  • To evaluate the humoral immune response to the vaccine by measuring the anti-gD2 antibodies in a subset of vaccine and placebo recipients from each of the serostatus groups
    • Time Frame: Before vaccination, and one month and 7 months after vaccination
  • To compare the anti-gD2 antibody responses between the subsets of HSV double seronegative and HSV-1 seropositive only vaccine recipients
    • Time Frame: At months 7 and 13

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • 18 years of age and over at the time of first vaccination – Written informed consent – Females of childbearing potential must have a negative pregnancy test at enrollment and prior to each vaccination and be using an accepted method of birth control Exclusion Criteria:

  • Any previous history of or current clinical signs or symptoms of genital herpes disease. – Any previous vaccination against herpes simplex. – Any previous administration of MPL. – History of herpetic keratitis. – History of erythema multiforme. – Female subjects who are pregnant, lactating or planning a pregnancy before one month after the last vaccine dose – Patient is immuno-compromised or is receiving immuno-modifying therapy of any kind. Topical corticoid therapy is allowed. – HIV positive at the time of enrollment – Clinical signs of acute or febrile illness at the time of entry into the study. – Any continuous suppressive antiviral oral therapy within the 6 months prior to entry. – Any administration of immunoglobulins during the vaccination course or within one month prior to the first vaccination. – Any vaccine administration less than one week before or after a study vaccination. – Previous known hypersensitivity to vaccination or to any component of the vaccine. – Simultaneous participation in any other clinical trial of an investigational drug or vaccine concurrent with this study or during the period beginning 30 days prior to entry into the study or 5 half-lives of the drug – Recent history of alcoholism or drug abuse – Recent clinical history or evidence of significant hepatic disease – History of a current acute or chronic auto immune disease. – Recent clinical history or evidence of renal dysfunction – Life-threatening or serious cardiac (NYHA grades III-IV), gastrointestinal, haematological or immunological disorder which, in the opinion of the investigator, would preclude entry into the study. – Inability or unwillingness to comply with the protocol or not expected to complete the study period

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • GlaxoSmithKline
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Isabelle Harpigny, GSK
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Clinical Trials, Study Director, GlaxoSmithKline

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