Clinical Study of Droxidopa in Patients With Neurogenic Orthostatic Hypotension (NOH)

Overview

The purpose of this study is to see whether droxidopa is effective in treating symptoms of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension in patients with Primary Autonomic Failure (Pure Autonomic Failure, Multiple System Atrophy, Parkinson's Disease), Non-diabetic neuropathy, or Beta Hydroxylase deficiency.

Full Title of Study: “Phase III, Multi-Center, Study to Assess the Clinical Effect of Droxidopa in Subjects With Primary Autonomic Failure, Dopamine Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency or Non-Diabetic Neuropathy and Symptomatic NOH”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Quadruple (Participant, Care Provider, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: August 2009

Detailed Description

Systolic blood pressure is transiently and minimally decreased in healthy individuals upon standing. Normal physiologic feedback mechanisms work through neurally-mediated pathways to maintain the standing blood pressure, and thus maintain adequate cerebral perfusion. The compensatory mechanisms that regulate blood pressure upon standing are dysfunctional in subjects with orthostatic hypotension (OH), a condition that may lead to inadequate cerebral perfusion with accompanying symptoms of syncope, dizziness or lightheadedness, unsteadiness and blurred or impaired vision, among other symptoms.

The autonomic nervous system has a central role in the regulation of blood pressure. Primary Autonomic Failure is manifested in a variety of syndromes. Orthostatic hypotension is a usual presenting symptom. Primary Autonomic Failure may be the primary diagnosis, and classifications include pure autonomic failure (PAF), also called idiopathic orthostatic hypotension (Bradbury-Eggleston syndrome) autonomic failure with multiple system atrophy (Shy-Drager syndrome) and also Parkinson's disease. Regardless of the primary condition, autonomic dysfunction underlies orthostatic hypotension.

Orthostatic hypotension may be a severely disabling condition which can seriously interfere with the quality of life of afflicted subjects. Currently available therapeutic options provide some symptomatic relief in a subset of subjects, but are relatively ineffective and are often accompanied by severe side effects that limit their usefulness. Support garments (tight-fitting leotard) may prove useful in some subjects, but is difficult to don without family or nursing assistance, especially for older subjects. Midodrine, fludrocortisone, methylphenidate, ephedrine, indomethacin and dihydroergotamine are among some of the pharmacological interventions that have been used to treat orthostatic hypotension, although only midodrine is specifically approved for this indication. The limitations of these currently available therapeutic options, and the incapacitating nature and often progressive downhill course of disease, point to the need for an improved therapeutic alternative.

The current withdrawal design study will measure the efficacy of droxidopa on symptoms of neurogenic orthostatic hypotension in patients randomized to continued droxidopa treatment versus placebo, following 14 days of double-blind treatment.

droxidopa

droxidopa [also, known as L-threo-3,4-dihydroxyphenylserine, L-threo-DOPS, or L-DOPS] is the International non-proprietary name (INN) for a synthetic amino acid precursor of norepinephrine (NE), which was originally developed by Sumitomo Pharmaceuticals Co., Limited, Japan. It has been approved for use in Japan since 1989. Droxidopa has been shown to improve symptoms of orthostatic hypotension that result from a variety of conditions including Shy Drager syndrome (Multiple System Atrophy), Pure Autonomic Failure, and Parkinson's disease. There are four stereoisomers of DOPS; however, only the L-threo-enantiomer (droxidopa) is biologically active.

The exact mechanism of action of droxidopa in the treatment of symptomatic NOH has not been precisely defined; however, its NE replenishing properties with concomitant recovery of decreased noradrenergic activity are considered to be of major importance.

Droxidopa has been marketed in Japan since 1989. Data from clinical studies and post-marketing surveillance programs conducted in Japan show that the most commonly reported adverse drug reactions with droxidopa are increased blood pressure, nausea, and headache. In clinical studies, the prevalence and severity of droxidopa adverse effects appear to be similar to those reported by the placebo control arm.

Interventions

  • Drug: Placebo
    • 100 mg, oral, three times per day 200 mg, oral, three times per day 300 mg, oral, three times per day 400 mg, oral, three times per day 500 mg, oral, three times per day 600 mg, oral, three times per day
  • Drug: Droxidopa
    • 100 mg, oral, three times per day 200 mg, oral, three times per day 300 mg, oral, three times per day 400 mg, oral, three times per day 500 mg, oral, three times per day 600 mg, oral, three times per day

Arms, Groups and Cohorts

  • Experimental: Droxidopa
    • Double-blind
  • Placebo Comparator: Placebo
    • Double-blind

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Change in Dizziness/ Lightheadedness/ Feeling Faint/ or Feeling Like You Might Blackout (OHSA Item 1)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • OHSA item 1 scale range: 0 (none) -10 (worst), likert scale. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .

Secondary Measures

  • Change in Fatigue (OHSA Item 4)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • OHSA item 4 scale range: 0 (none) -10 (worst), likert scale. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Weakness (OHSA Item 3)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • OHSA item 3 scale range: 0 (none) -10 (worst), likert scale. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Vision (OHSA Item 2)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • OHSA item 2 scale range: 0 (none) -10 (worst), likert scale. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Concentration (OHSA Item 5)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • OHSA item 5 scale range: 0 (none) -10 (worst), likert scale. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Head/Neck Discomfort (OHSA Item 6)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • OHSA item 6 scale range: 0 (none) -10 (worst), likert scale. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Ability to Conduct Activities of Daily Living Score (OHDAS Composite Score)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • The OHDAS scale is the average of four items: 1) Standing for a short time; 2) Standing for a long time; 3) Walking for a short time; and 4) Walking for a long time. Each asks the patient to rate their disease impact over the past week. Each item is scored on a Likert scale from 0 to 10, with 10 being the most severe. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Orthostatic Hypotension Symptom Assessment Score (OHSA Composite)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • The OHSA scale is the average of six items: 1) Dizziness, lightheadedness, feeling faint or feeling like you might black out; 2) Problems with vision; 3) Weakness; 4) Fatigue; 5) Trouble concentrating; and 6) Head/neck discomfort. Each asks the patient to rate their symptoms over the past week. Each item is scored on a Likert scale from 0 to 10, with 10 being the most severe. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Orthostatic Hypotension Symptom Scores Excluding Dizziness (OHSA Composite Items 2-6)
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • OHSA composite scale (items 2-6) is the average of five OHSA items: 2) Problems with vision; 3) Weakness; 4) Fatigue; 5) Trouble concentrating; and 6) Head/neck discomfort. Each asks the patient to rate their symptoms over the past week. Each item is scored on a Likert scale from 0 to 10, with 10 being the most severe. Change: score at end of study minus score at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a positive score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .
  • Change in Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP) Measurements 3 Minutes Post Standing;
    • Time Frame: 14 days
    • Change: standing systolic blood pressure at end of study minus standing systolic blood pressure at randomization. In this withdrawal design, a negative score indicates worsening during the double-blind randomized phase relative to value at randomization (on open-label drug) .

Participating in This Clinical Trial

PATIENT INCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Male or female and aged 18 years or over;
  • Clinical diagnosis of orthostatic hypotension associated with Primary Autonomic Failure (PD, MSA and PAF), Dopamine Beta Hydroxylase Deficiency or Non-Diabetic Autonomic Neuropathies;
  • A documented fall in systolic blood pressure of at least 20 mmHg, or in diastolic blood pressure of at least 10 mmHg, within 3 minutes after standing;
  • Provide written informed consent to participate in the study and understand that they may withdraw their consent at any time without prejudice to their future medical care.

MAIN PATIENT EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

  • Taking ephedrine or midodrine; Patients taking ephedrine or midodrine may enroll after a minimum 7 day washout period;
  • Taking anti-hypertensive medication;
  • Have a history of more than moderate alcohol consumption;
  • Women who are pregnant or lactating;
  • Have a history of closed angle glaucoma;
  • Have pre-existing sustained severe hypertension (BP > 180/110 mmHg in the sitting position);
  • Have atrial fibrillation or, in the investigator's opinion, have any other significant cardiac arrhythmia;
  • In the investigator's opinion, have any other significant systemic, hepatic, cardiac or renal illness;
  • Have diabetes mellitus or insipidus;
  • Have a known or suspected malignancy;
  • Have known gastrointestinal illness or other gastrointestinal disorder that may, in the investigator's opinion, affect the absorption of study drug;
  • In the investigator's opinion, have clinically significant abnormalities on clinical examination or laboratory testing;
  • Have a serum creatinine level > 130 ┬Ámol/L;

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: N/A

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Chelsea Therapeutics
  • Collaborator
    • Chiltern International Inc.
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Horacio Kaufmann, MD, Principal Investigator, NYU Langone Health
    • Christopher J Mathias, MD, Principal Investigator, Imperial School of Medicine
    • Roy Freeman, MD, Principal Investigator, Harvard Medicine School
    • Phillip A Low, MD, Principal Investigator, Mayo Foundation

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