Improving Otitis Media Care With Clinical Decision Support
This protocol will prospectively develop a new electronic health record (EHR)-based health information technology (IT) intervention that a) summarizes Otitis Media (OM) care into clinically meaningful episodes-of-care, b) provides clinical decision support based upon evidence-based guidelines to primary care and ENT physicians working within an integrated physician network that uses a common EHR, and c) tests the additive effects on quality and resource utilization of providing feedback to physicians.
Full Title of Study: “Improving Otitis Media Care With EHR-based Clinical Decision Support and Feedback”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Treatment
- Masking: None (Open Label)
- Study Primary Completion Date: September 2010
Context The high prevalence of Otitis Media (OM) and its enormous cost make it a prime target for cost-effective and evidence-based strategies for disease management. Objectives This protocol will prospectively develop a new electronic health record (EHR)-based health information technology (IT) intervention that a) summarizes OM care into clinically meaningful episodes-of-care, b) provides clinical decision support based upon evidence-based guidelines to primary care and ENT physicians working within an integrated physician network that uses a common EHR, and c) tests the additive effects on quality and resource utilization of providing feedback to physicians. The specific aims are: Aim 1: To develop and pilot test the OM health IT intervention; Aim 2: To examine the overall effect of the health IT intervention and the independent contribution of physician feedback on quality of OM care (primary outcomes); Aim 3: To assess the effects of the intervention on the secondary outcomes of health care resource utilization and clinician adoption of the health IT. Study Design/Settings/Participants A cluster randomized trial and multi-level statistical modeling will be used to estimate health IT intervention effects on study outcomes. The proposed project will be conducted in the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia's (CHOP) health care system. The heath IT intervention will be tested in the Pediatric Research Consortium (PeRC), which includes 28 primary care practices in the CHOP network, both urban and suburban, and the CHOP ENT clinical sites. Randomization and implementation of the intervention will occur at the practice level. Study outcomes of quality of care and resource utilization will be reported at the levels of the practice, individual practitioner, and episode-of-care (patient-level). Study Measures Our main study measures include the quality of otitis media care provided during episodes of OM. Our secondary outcomes include measurement of clinician adoption of the health IT intervention and resource use.
- Other: 3-Part Intervention
- A combination of training, an otitis media episode grouper, and clinical decision support.
- Other: 4-Part Intervention
- A combination of clinician training, an otitis media episode grouper, clinical decision support, and feedback.
- Other: 1-part intervention
- Provision of feedback on otitis media quality indicators
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- No Intervention: Control
- Usual Care
- Experimental: HIT Intervention without feedback
- 3-Part Intervention: Training, Otitis Media Episode Grouper, Clinical Decision Support
- Experimental: HIT Intervention with feedback
- 4-Part Intervention: Training, Episode Grouper, Clinical Decision Support, and Physician Feedback.
- Experimental: Feedback only
- 1 part intervention: Physician Feedback
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Quality of otitis media care.
- Time Frame: 18 Months
- Clinician adoption of intervention and Resource Utilization
- Time Frame: 18 months
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- All CHOP primary care pediatric and ENT practice sites are eligible for inclusion in this study. We expect 35,000 patients to receive care for otitis media by CHOP clinicians at these sites during the study period however, they are not the subjects of this research. Exclusion Criteria:
- There are no exclusion criteria. All CHOP primary care pediatric and ENT sites are eligible for participation. Data for all clinicians providing OM care and data on all OM encounters will be included in our data set.
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: 2 Months
Maximum Age: 18 Years
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No
- Lead Sponsor
- Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
- Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ)
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Christopher B Forrest, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Children’s Hospital of Philadelphia
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