Effects of Atorvastatin 10 mg Versus 40 mg in Eight Months Follow-up Coronary Flow Reserve and Bone Marrow Stem Cell Mobilization in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction

Overview

Many data indicate that statins increase mobilization of bone marrow-derived stem cells, and circulating bone marrow-derived stem cells are capable of homing to sites of myocardial infarction and endothelial disruption, thereby restoring myocardial function and microvascular integrity after acute myocardial infarction. Atorvastatin is widely used in the treatment of hyperlipidemia, especially after acute myocardial infarction. High-dose atorvastatin has been known to stop the progression of atherosclerosis and to decrease the levels of inflammatory markers. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial is to compare the effect of atorvastatin 10 mg versus 40 mg in restoring coronary flow reserve (CFR) and in serial bone marrow stem cell mobilization during the 8 months follow-up in patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Full Title of Study: “Phase 4 Study of Atorvastatin 10mg vs. 40mg in Follow-up CFR in AMI Patients”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Allocation: Randomized
    • Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
    • Primary Purpose: Treatment
    • Masking: Single (Participant)
  • Study Primary Completion Date: January 2008

Detailed Description

Percutaneous coronary intervention is considered as the gold standard for primary treatment after acute myocardial infarction, and clinical outcome and recovery of myocardial contractility after successful coronary intervention are influenced by the extent of microvascular damage. The use of intracoronary Doppler evaluation of infarct-related coronary artery allows direct assessment of microvascular integrity after acute myocardial infarction. The assessment of coronary flow reserve should be performed at least 24 hours after acute myocardial infarction, and we will evaluate coronary flow reserve 5 days after acute myocardial infarction. Intracoronary Doppler wire will be placed just distal to the stent, and intracoronary Doppler assessment is repeated 8 months after coronary stenting at the same point. 1. Primary end point: Comparison of atorvastatin 10 mg versus 40 mg on 8 months follow-up coronary flow reserve (CFR) and on the serial changes in stem cell mobilization (CD34, CD117, CD133, CXCR4+, C-met) after acute myocardial infarction. 2. Secondary end point: Comparison of atorvastatin 10 mg versus 40 mg on the changes in the levels of inflammatory markers (hsCRP, IL-6, TNF-α, adiponectin) and on the clinical events such as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization during the 8 months of follow-up. 1) Study design – Prospective, randomized, single-blinded study. – Patients enrollment: 100 patients (50 patients in each group) considering 20% drop-out rate. – After informed consent, patients will be randomly assigned to the Atorvastatin 10 mg Group or the Atorvastatin 40 mg Group. 2) Study protocol – After IRB approval, we will enroll within 10 months 100 acute myocardial infarction patients requiring stent implantation. – Study follow-up period will be 8 months. – Baseline clinical, laboratory, and angiographic parameters will be obtained at baseline and at 8 months follow-up. Out-patients follow-up will be scheduled at 4 weeks, 16 weeks, 32 weeks after sirolimus-eluting stent implantation. – We will compare atorvastatin 10 mg versus atorvastatin 40 mg on the changes in coronary flow reserve during the 8 months of follow-up. The serial changes (baseline, 24 hours, 48 hours, 5 days, 8 months) in stem cell mobilization (CD34, CD117, CD133, CXCR4+, C-met) will be compared in addition to major adverse cardiac events (cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization) and inflammatory markers (hsCRP, IL-6, TNF-α, adiponectin).

Interventions

  • Drug: atorvastatin
    • atorvastatin 10 mg versus 40 mg during the 8 months of follow-up

Clinical Trial Outcome Measures

Primary Measures

  • Comparison of atorvastatin 10 mg versus 40 mg on 8 months follow-up coronary flow reserve (CFR) and on the serial changes in stem cell mobilization (CD34, CD117, CD133, CXCR4+, C-met) after acute myocardial infarction.
    • Time Frame: 8 month follow-up

Secondary Measures

  • Comparison of atorvastatin 10 mg versus 40 mg on the changes in the levels of inflammatory markers (hsCRP, IL-6, TNF-α, adiponectin) and on the clinical events such as cardiac death, myocardial infarction, target vessel revascularization during the 8 mon
    • Time Frame: 8 months follow-up

Participating in This Clinical Trial

Inclusion Criteria

  • Age 18 years and above – Gender eligible for study both – Patients with acute myocardial infarction requiring sirolimus-eluting stent implantation – Acute myocardial infarction affecting proximal to mid coronary arteries – No lesions greater than 50 percent diameter stenosis distal to the stent implantation – Patients with informed consent Exclusion Criteria:

  • Left main lesion – Killip Class IV acute myocardial infarction – Patients with current use of any statin – Tortuous lesion with difficult intracoronary Doppler wiring – Acute myocardial infarction affecting distal coronary arteries – Acute myocardial infarction affecting branching coronary arteries – The use of thiazolidinediones within 3 months – Previous history of PCI or bypass surgery on infarct-related coronary artery – Patients with any contraindications to the treatment of atorvastatin – Pregnant or lactating patients – Chronic alcohol or drug abuse – Hepatic dysfunction (3 times above upper normal limit 5 days after AMI) – Renal dysfunction (Creatinine greater than 2.0 mg/dL) – Severe Heart failure (EF less than 25 percent) – Expected life expectancy of less thna 1 year

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 80 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • Korea University Anam Hospital
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Principal Investigator: Soon Jun Hong, Associate professor – Korea University Anam Hospital
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Soon Jun Hong, MD, PhD, Principal Investigator, Korea University Anam Hospital
    • Sang Yup Lim, MD, PhD, Study Director, Korea University Anam Hospital

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