The primary purpose of the study is to determine if GARDASIL (V501) with four components is able to prevent cervical cancer, cervical dysplasia, including Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)(Any Grade) and Adenocarcinoma In Situ (AIS), and genital warts.
Full Title of Study: “A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy of Quadrivalent HPV Vaccine in Reducing the Incidence of HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, and 18-Related CIN, AIS, and Cervical Cancer, and HPV 6-, 11-, 16-, and 18-Related External Genital Warts, Vulvar Intraepithelial Neoplasia Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia, Vulvar Cancer, and Vaginal Cancer in 16- to 23-Year-Old Women”
- Study Type: Interventional
- Study Design
- Allocation: Randomized
- Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
- Primary Purpose: Prevention
- Masking: Double (Participant, Investigator)
- Study Primary Completion Date: July 2007
- Biological: V501
- Final Manufactured Product (FMP) quadrivalent HPV vaccine, a 0.5 mL intramuscular injection given at Day 1, Month 2 and Month 6.
- Biological: Comparator: Placebo
- a 0.5 mL intramuscular placebo injection given at Day 1, Month 2 and Month 6.
- Biological: Human Papillomavirus (HPV) 16 Monovalent
- HPV 16 Monovalent vaccine, a 0.5 mL intramuscular injection given at Day 1, Month 2 and Month 6.
Arms, Groups and Cohorts
- Experimental: 1
- Placebo Comparator: 2
- Experimental: 3
- HPV 16 Monovalent Vaccine
Clinical Trial Outcome Measures
- Incidence of HPV 6/11/16/18-related Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia (CIN)(Any Grade), Adenocarcinoma In Situ (AIS) or Cervical Cancer
- Time Frame: Follow-up through end of study (4 years)
- Incidence of HPV 6/11/16/18-related External Genital Lesions (EGL) [Genital Warts, Vulvar/Vaginal Intraepithelial Neoplasia (Any Grade), Vulvar/Vaginal Cancer]
- Time Frame: Follow-up through end of study (4 years)
Participating in This Clinical Trial
- Female with an intact uterus with lifetime history of 0-4 sexual partners
- Prior Human Papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination
- Prior abnormal paps
- History of genital warts
Gender Eligibility: Female
Minimum Age: 16 Years
Maximum Age: 23 Years
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Lead Sponsor
- Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
- Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
- Overall Official(s)
- Medical Monitor, Study Director, Merck Sharp & Dohme Corp.
Garland SM, Steben M, Sings HL, James M, Lu S, Railkar R, Barr E, Haupt RM, Joura EA. Natural history of genital warts: analysis of the placebo arm of 2 randomized phase III trials of a quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) vaccine. J Infect Dis. 2009 Mar 15;199(6):805-14. doi: 10.1086/597071.
Barr E, Gause CK, Bautista OM, Railkar RA, Lupinacci LC, Insinga RP, Sings HL, Haupt RM. Impact of a prophylactic quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, 18) L1 virus-like particle vaccine in a sexually active population of North American women. Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2008 Mar;198(3):261.e1-11. doi: 10.1016/j.ajog.2007.09.001.
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Joura EA, Leodolter S, Hernandez-Avila M, Wheeler CM, Perez G, Koutsky LA, Garland SM, Harper DM, Tang GW, Ferris DG, Steben M, Jones RW, Bryan J, Taddeo FJ, Bautista OM, Esser MT, Sings HL, Nelson M, Boslego JW, Sattler C, Barr E, Paavonen J. Efficacy of a quadrivalent prophylactic human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) L1 virus-like-particle vaccine against high-grade vulval and vaginal lesions: a combined analysis of three randomised clinical trials. Lancet. 2007 May 19;369(9574):1693-702.
Insinga RP, Dasbach EJ, Allen SE, Carides GW, Myers ER. Reductions in human papillomavirus-disease resource use and costs with quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) recombinant vaccination: the FUTURE Study Economic Evaluation. Value Health. 2008 Dec;11(7):1022-32. doi: 10.1111/j.1524-4733.2008.00342.x. Epub 2008 May 16.
Perez G, Lazcano-Ponce E, Hernandez-Avila M, García PJ, Muñoz N, Villa LL, Bryan J, Taddeo FJ, Lu S, Esser MT, Vuocolo S, Sattler C, Barr E. Safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy of quadrivalent human papillomavirus (types 6, 11, 16, 18) L1 virus-like-particle vaccine in Latin American women. Int J Cancer. 2008 Mar 15;122(6):1311-8.
FUTURE II Study Group. Prophylactic efficacy of a quadrivalent human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine in women with virological evidence of HPV infection. J Infect Dis. 2007 Nov 15;196(10):1438-46. Epub 2007 Oct 31.
Ault KA; Future II Study Group. Effect of prophylactic human papillomavirus L1 virus-like-particle vaccine on risk of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2, grade 3, and adenocarcinoma in situ: a combined analysis of four randomised clinical trials. Lancet. 2007 Jun 2;369(9576):1861-1868. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60852-6.
Giuliano AR, Lazcano-Ponce E, Villa L, Nolan T, Marchant C, Radley D, Golm G, McCarroll K, Yu J, Esser MT, Vuocolo SC, Barr E. Impact of baseline covariates on the immunogenicity of a quadrivalent (types 6, 11, 16, and 18) human papillomavirus virus-like-particle vaccine. J Infect Dis. 2007 Oct 15;196(8):1153-62. Epub 2007 Sep 17.
Garland SM, Insinga RP, Sings HL, Haupt RM, Joura EA. Human papillomavirus infections and vulvar disease development. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2009 Jun;18(6):1777-84. doi: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-09-0067.
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