EF5 Prior to Surgery or Biopsy in Patients With Breast, Prostate, or Cervical Cancer or High Grade Soft Tissue Sarcoma

Overview

RATIONALE: EF5 may detect the presence of oxygen in tumor cells and help plan effective cancer treatment.

PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of EF5 in detecting the presence of oxygen in tumor cells of patients who are undergoing surgery or biopsy for breast, prostate, or cervical cancer or high grade soft tissue sarcoma.

Full Title of Study: “A Phase I Trial of the Hypoxia Detection Agent EF5 (NSC 684681) in Patients With Cervix and Breast and Prostate Carcinomas, and High Grade Soft Tissue Sarcomas”

Study Type

  • Study Type: Interventional
  • Study Design
    • Primary Purpose: Diagnostic
  • Study Primary Completion Date: June 2002

Detailed Description

OBJECTIVES: I. Determine the optimal dose of etanidazole derivative EF5 that is safely tolerated and provides optimal binding in resected tumor specimens or tumor biopsies in patients with breast, head and neck, prostate, or cervical carcinoma or high grade soft tissue sarcomas. II. Define the toxic effects of EF5 in this patient population.

OUTLINE: This is a dose-escalation study. Patients receive etanidazole derivative EF5 IV over 1-2 hours. Approximately 24-48 hours after EF5 treatment, patients undergo surgical resection or biopsy of tumor. Cohorts of 6 patients receive escalating doses of EF5 until the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or optimal dose is determined. The MTD is defined as the dose preceding that at which 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity. The optimal dose is defined as the dose level at or preceding the MTD and resulting in optimal tumor-to-normal-tissue binding. Patients are followed at 28 days.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 18-36 patients will be accrued for this study within 12-18 months.

Interventions

  • Drug: EF5
  • Other: flow cytometry
  • Other: fluorescent antibody technique
  • Other: immunohistochemistry staining method
  • Procedure: biopsy

Participating in This Clinical Trial

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven breast, head and neck, prostate, or cervical carcinoma or high grade (defined as grades 2 or 3) soft tissue sarcoma Sarcoma tumors must be confined to truncal or extremity locations Must have a clinical condition and physiologic status which demonstrates that the appropriate or standard initial therapy for the tumor is surgical biopsy or resection Tumors no greater than 15 cm in any diameter Hormone receptor status: Not specified

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Menopausal status: Not specified Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: Absolute neutrophil count greater than 2,000/mm3 Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL Renal: Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL OR Creatinine clearance greater than 50 mL/min Cardiovascular: No significant cardiac disease that would preclude the safe use of general anesthesia Pulmonary: No significant pulmonary disease that would preclude the safe use of general anesthesia Other: Not pregnant or nursing Negative pregnancy test Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for 1 month after study No grade 3 or 4 peripheral neuropathy

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: Not specified Endocrine therapy: Not specified Radiotherapy: Not specified Surgery: See Disease Characteristics

Gender Eligibility: All

Minimum Age: 18 Years

Maximum Age: 120 Years

Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: No

Investigator Details

  • Lead Sponsor
    • University Health Network, Toronto
  • Collaborator
    • National Cancer Institute (NCI)
  • Provider of Information About this Clinical Study
    • Sponsor
  • Overall Official(s)
    • Anthony Fyles, MD, Study Chair, Princess Margaret Hospital, Canada

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