Effects of Drugs on Cerebral Blood Flow in Patients With Mood Disorders
Positron Emission Tomography (PET) is a technique used to investigate the functional activity of the brain. The PET technique allows doctors to study the normal biochemical and metabolic processes of the central nervous system of normal individuals and patients with neurologic illnesses without physical / structural damage to the brain. When a region of the brain is active, it uses more fuel in the form of oxygen and sugar (glucose). As the brain uses more fuel it produces more waste products, carbon dioxide and water. Blood carries fuel to the brain and waste products away from the brain. As brain activity increases blood flow to and from the area of activity increases also. Knowing these facts, researchers can use radioactive chemicals (H215O) and PET scans to observe what areas of the brain are receiving more blood flow. Patients diagnosed with mood disorders and healthy volunteers will receive positron emission tomographic (PET) scans with H215O while doing simple tasks. Patients will continue to receive scans while in different mood states and while taking different medications. Patients eligible for this study will be participating in other research studies measuring other clinical and biochemical parameters (mood and anxiety ratings, medication responses, and psychological test results). Information gathered from H215O PET scans measuring blood flow to specific brain areas will be compared to the data gathered from other studies. Objectives of this study are; 1. To determine differences in blood flow to the brain of patients with mood disorders compared to healthy volunteers. 2. To determine differences in blood flow to the brain of patients with subtype mood disorders (such as unipolar versus bipolar) compared to healthy volunteers. 2. To determine changes in blood flow to the brain of patients with mood disorders who experience spontaneous changes in symptoms 3. To determine changes in blood flow to the brain of patients with mood disorders who receive various kinds of therapy (medication, transcranial magnetic stimulation, etc.) 4. To determine if blood flow to specific areas of the brain can be used to predict how patients will respond to certain types of therapy 5. To compare blood flow changes with various other clinical and biochemical parameters.
Full Title of Study: “Regional Cerebral Blood Flow Correlates of Spontaneous and Drug-Induced Clinical Changes in Mood Disorders”
- Study Type: Observational
Patients with mood disorders and healthy volunteers will receive positron emission tomographic (PET) scans with H(2)(15)O to measure global and local differences in cerebral blood flow during a passive introspection task. Patients receive repeated scans while in different mood states and while participating in placebo controlled therapeutic trials as described by separate protocols. Global and regional cerebral blood flow is correlated with data obtained from participation in other protocols, which include clinical (life charting course of illness parameters, mood and anxiety ratings, medication response data, and psychological test performance) and biochemical (levels of medications, monoamines and peptides in the blood and cerebrospinal fluid) measures.
Participating in This Clinical Trial
Healthy volunteers and patients who satisfy DSM-III-R criteria for mood disorders between ages of 18 and 75 will be invited to participate provided that the following criteria are fulfilled: No history of medical illness (including seizures, endocrine, hepatic, renal, cardiac, allergic, infectious, autoimmune, or neurological disorders) that would contraindicate participation. No evidence of co-existing major illness after undergoing complete psychiatric (including SADS-LA interview), medical, neurological, and laboratory examinations (including EEG, EKG, renal and liver function tests, serum electrolytes, urinalysis, HIV, hepatitis B, syphilis). Negative pregnancy test for women of child bearing potential. Women must not be breast feeding. Negative HIV test, as we are studying primary mood and anxiety disorders and not disorders secondary to HIV infection. Negative urine comprehensive drug screen and have not had alcohol or substance abuse problems in last 12 months.
Gender Eligibility: All
Minimum Age: N/A
Maximum Age: N/A
Are Healthy Volunteers Accepted: Accepts Healthy Volunteers
- Lead Sponsor
- National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH)
Cohen RM, Semple WE, Gross M, Nordahl TE, King AC, Pickar D, Post RM. Evidence for common alterations in cerebral glucose metabolism in major affective disorders and schizophrenia. Neuropsychopharmacology. 1989 Dec;2(4):241-54. doi: 10.1016/0893-133x(89)90028-6.
Buchsbaum MS, DeLisi LE, Holcomb HH, Cappelletti J, King AC, Johnson J, Hazlett E, Dowling-Zimmerman S, Post RM, Morihisa J, et al. Anteroposterior gradients in cerebral glucose use in schizophrenia and affective disorders. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1984 Dec;41(12):1159-66. doi: 10.1001/archpsyc.1984.01790230045007.
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